Hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion for malignant melanoma: Response and survival

Bryant P.J., Balderson G.A., Mead P. and Egerton W.S. (1995) Hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion for malignant melanoma: Response and survival. World Journal of Surgery, 19 3: 363-368. doi:10.1007/BF00299159


Author Bryant P.J.
Balderson G.A.
Mead P.
Egerton W.S.
Title Hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion for malignant melanoma: Response and survival
Journal name World Journal of Surgery   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0364-2313
Publication date 1995-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF00299159
Volume 19
Issue 3
Start page 363
End page 368
Total pages 6
Publisher Springer-Verlag
Subject 2746 Surgery
Abstract Response to and survival after hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion (HILP) with melphalan in patients with malignant melanoma at the Royal Brisbane Hospital were reviewed in order to assess the major determinants of response to treatment. Data were collected by clinical chart review and direct patient contact. Response was assessed by clinical observation and measurement of nodules. Survival was calculated from the date of perfusion to the date of patient death. Since 1965 there have been 85 patients (38 men, 47 women) who have undergone 109 limb (102 leg, 7 arm) perfusions. The mean age was 58 years (range 32-82 years). The number of patients per disease stage (M.D. Anderson classification) was as follows: stage I, 5 patients; stage II, 8 patients; stage IIIa, 41 patients; stage IIIab, 25 patients; and stage IIIb, 8 patients. The mean duration of perfusion was 81 minutes. Melphalan was given in divided doses, with a mean total dose 1.39 mg/kg. The mean maximal limb temperature was 41.5°C. Major complications occurred during 20 perfusions (18%). There was one postoperative death from myocardial infarction, and one patient required amputation. Median patient follow-up was 2.65 years (range 1-27 years). A complete response was noted in 34 patients (40%), a partial response in 36 patients (42%), and no response in 11 patients (13%). response could not be assessed in four patients. The actuarial 5-year survival for the whole group was 45%: stage I, 80%; stage II, 75%; stage IIIa, 44%; stage IIIab, 23%; stage IIIb, 56%. The two significant determinants of response to perfusion were disease stage (p=0.00005) and nodal status (p=0.03). The major determinant of survival was a complete perfusion response (p=0.0012). Less advanced disease responds better to perfusion and is associated with increased survival after perfusion.
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
 
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