The demographic development of the first farmers in Anatolia

Kılınç, Gülşah Merve, Omrak, Ayça, Özer, Füsun, Günther, Torsten, Büyükkarakaya, Ali Metin, Bıçakçı, Erhan, Baird, Douglas, Dönertaş, Handan Melike, Ghalichi, Ayshin, Yaka, Reyhan, Koptekin, Dilek, Açan, Sinan Can, Parvizi, Poorya, Krzewińska, Maja, Daskalaki, Evangelia A., Yüncü, Eren, Dağtaş, Nihan Dilşad, Fairbairn, Andrew, Pearson, Jessica, Mustafaoğlu, Gökhan, Erdal, Yılmaz Selim, Çakan, Yasin Gökhan, Togan, İnci, Somel, Mehmet, Stora, Jan, Jakobsson, Mattias and Götherström, Anders (2016) The demographic development of the first farmers in Anatolia. Current Biology, 26 19: 2659-2666. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.057


Author Kılınç, Gülşah Merve
Omrak, Ayça
Özer, Füsun
Günther, Torsten
Büyükkarakaya, Ali Metin
Bıçakçı, Erhan
Baird, Douglas
Dönertaş, Handan Melike
Ghalichi, Ayshin
Yaka, Reyhan
Koptekin, Dilek
Açan, Sinan Can
Parvizi, Poorya
Krzewińska, Maja
Daskalaki, Evangelia A.
Yüncü, Eren
Dağtaş, Nihan Dilşad
Fairbairn, Andrew
Pearson, Jessica
Mustafaoğlu, Gökhan
Erdal, Yılmaz Selim
Çakan, Yasin Gökhan
Togan, İnci
Somel, Mehmet
Stora, Jan
Jakobsson, Mattias
Götherström, Anders
Title The demographic development of the first farmers in Anatolia
Journal name Current Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0960-9822
1879-0445
Publication date 2016-08-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.057
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 26
Issue 19
Start page 2659
End page 2666
Total pages 8
Place of publication Cambridge, MA, United States
Publisher Cell Press
Language eng
Subject 1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract The archaeological documentation of the development of sedentary farming societies in Anatolia is not yet mirrored by a genetic understanding of the human populations involved, in contrast to the spread of farming in Europe [1, 2 and 3]. Sedentary farming communities emerged in parts of the Fertile Crescent during the tenth millennium and early ninth millennium calibrated (cal) BC and had appeared in central Anatolia by 8300 cal BC [4]. Farming spread into west Anatolia by the early seventh millennium cal BC and quasi-synchronously into Europe, although the timing and process of this movement remain unclear. Using genome sequence data that we generated from nine central Anatolian Neolithic individuals, we studied the transition period from early Aceramic (Pre-Pottery) to the later Pottery Neolithic, when farming expanded west of the Fertile Crescent. We find that genetic diversity in the earliest farmers was conspicuously low, on a par with European foraging groups. With the advent of the Pottery Neolithic, genetic variation within societies reached levels later found in early European farmers. Our results confirm that the earliest Neolithic central Anatolians belonged to the same gene pool as the first Neolithic migrants spreading into Europe. Further, genetic affinities between later Anatolian farmers and fourth to third millennium BC Chalcolithic south Europeans suggest an additional wave of Anatolian migrants, after the initial Neolithic spread but before the Yamnaya-related migrations. We propose that the earliest farming societies demographically resembled foragers and that only after regional gene flow and rising heterogeneity did the farming population expansions into Europe occur.
Keyword Ancient DNA
Archaeogenomics
Neolithic
Anatolia
Turkey
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 4 August 2016. Article in press

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Wed, 07 Sep 2016, 15:39:42 EST by Dr Andrew Fairbairn on behalf of School of Social Science