Relationship satisfaction, attachment, and nonverbal accuracy in early marriage

Noller P. and Feeney J.A. (1994) Relationship satisfaction, attachment, and nonverbal accuracy in early marriage. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 18 3: 199-221. doi:10.1007/BF02170026

Author Noller P.
Feeney J.A.
Title Relationship satisfaction, attachment, and nonverbal accuracy in early marriage
Journal name Journal of Nonverbal Behavior   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-5886
Publication date 1994-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF02170026
Open Access Status
Volume 18
Issue 3
Start page 199
End page 221
Total pages 23
Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers-Human Sciences Press
Subject 3207 Social Psychology
3200 Psychology
Abstract This study explored the relations between nonverbal accuracy, relationship satisfaction, and adult attachment in early marriage. Thirty-three couples were assessed at three points in time across the first two years of marriage. On all three occasions, they engaged in an encoding and decoding task using the standard content paradigm (Kahn, 1970) and completed the Quality Marriage Index (Norton, 1983). At Times 2 and 3 subjects also completed a measure of adult attachment which provided scores on Comfort with closeness and Anxiety over abandonment. Nonverbal accuracy increased over time for all message types and husbands were more accurate than wives at decoding positive messages. Accuracy did not predict later relationship satisfaction, but satisfaction predicted later accuracy, mainly for. husbands. Attachment dimensions also predicted later accuracy, with Anxiety over abandonment being more related to accuracy for husbands, and Comfort with closeness being more related to accuracy for wives. There was evidence of increased communication awareness over time for encoders, particularly in terms of the accuracy with which they predicted their spouses' decoding. In addition, husbands and those high in relationship satisfaction were more likely to expect their partners to decode their communications correctly. With regard to communication awareness for decoders, the main finding was that all groups except wives in unhappy marriages were more confident on correct than incorrect messages.
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 34 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 34 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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