Effects of class size and equipment availability on student involvement in physical education

Hastie P.A. and Saunders J.E. (1991) Effects of class size and equipment availability on student involvement in physical education. Journal of Experimental Education, 59 3: 212-224. doi:10.1080/00220973.1991.10806561


Author Hastie P.A.
Saunders J.E.
Title Effects of class size and equipment availability on student involvement in physical education
Journal name Journal of Experimental Education   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1940-0683
Publication date 1991-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/00220973.1991.10806561
Volume 59
Issue 3
Start page 212
End page 224
Total pages 13
Subject 3304 Education
3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
Abstract This study examined the effects of two different environmental conditions upon the classroom behaviors of teachers and students. Three primary school physical education teachers were videotaped teaching introductory soccer lessons to year 5 and 6 students. Class sizes were 12, 24, and 44; equipment availability was either unlimited or limited to two balls and four markers. The “academic learning time-physical education” instrument was used to measure teachers’ time allocations to subject matter and student involvement. Students in the double-sized class conditions spent significantly more time in nonacademic tasks and in game/scrimmage motor activities, whereas more time in the half-sized class condition was spent in skill practice. Student involvement showed significantly more motor-appropriate activity and more cognitive and less organizational activity in classes where there were unlimited amounts of equipment available, irrespective of class size. These data are interpreted as demonstrating that teacher decision making and resultant pupil opportunity to respond are strongly influenced by environmental variables and that such influence can be both systematic and predictable. The reporting of significant environmental features and increased attention to their effects is thus seen as essential for future research in the teaching of physical education.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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Created: Tue, 30 Aug 2016, 12:18:49 EST by System User