Observations on the transmission and development of Toxocara pteropodis (Ascaridoidea: Nematoda) in the Australian Grey-Headed Flying-Fox, Pteropus poliocephalus (Pteropodidae: Megachiroptera)

Prociv P. (1983) Observations on the transmission and development of Toxocara pteropodis (Ascaridoidea: Nematoda) in the Australian Grey-Headed Flying-Fox, Pteropus poliocephalus (Pteropodidae: Megachiroptera). Zeitschrift füur Parasitenkunde Parasitology Research, 69 6: 773-781. doi:10.1007/BF00927426


Author Prociv P.
Title Observations on the transmission and development of Toxocara pteropodis (Ascaridoidea: Nematoda) in the Australian Grey-Headed Flying-Fox, Pteropus poliocephalus (Pteropodidae: Megachiroptera)
Journal name Zeitschrift füur Parasitenkunde Parasitology Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0044-3255
Publication date 1983-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF00927426
Volume 69
Issue 6
Start page 773
End page 781
Total pages 9
Publisher Springer-Verlag
Subject 2405 Parasitology
2700 Medicine
Abstract Findings in the Australian Grey-Headed Flying-Fox, Pteropus poliocephalus, have elucidated the life-cycle of Toxocara pteropodis. In adult bats, other than parturient females, larvae were found only in the livers. Following parturition, larvae were recovered only from mammary glands up to 2 weeks post-partum. Developing larvae were found only in the intestine of young bats from the age of two days onwards; there was no evidence of pulmonary migration. The evidence indicates that juvenile bats commence passing Toxocara eggs in their faeces at about 2 months of age and expel the worms spontaneously following weaning at about 5 months. The eggs passed in the faeces of the young bat and its mother are disseminated through-out their environment and embryonate rapidly, being infective to mice after 10 days. Under natural conditions the eggs remain viable for 6 weeks or less and are infective to bats by the oral route.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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Created: Tue, 23 Aug 2016, 11:21:14 EST by System User