Coastal subsistence, maritime trade, and the colonization of small offshore islands in eastern African prehistory

Crowther, Alison, Faulkner, Patrick, Prendergast, Mary E., Quintana Morales, Erendira M., Horton, Mark, Wilmsen, Edwin, Kotarba-Morley, Anna M., Christie, Annalisa, Petek, Nik, Tibesasa, Ruth, Doula, Katerina, Picornell-Gelabert, Llorenç, Carah, Xavier and Boivin, Nicole (2016) Coastal subsistence, maritime trade, and the colonization of small offshore islands in eastern African prehistory. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, 11 2: 211-237. doi:10.1080/15564894.2016.1188334

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Author Crowther, Alison
Faulkner, Patrick
Prendergast, Mary E.
Quintana Morales, Erendira M.
Horton, Mark
Wilmsen, Edwin
Kotarba-Morley, Anna M.
Christie, Annalisa
Petek, Nik
Tibesasa, Ruth
Doula, Katerina
Picornell-Gelabert, Llorenç
Carah, Xavier
Boivin, Nicole
Title Coastal subsistence, maritime trade, and the colonization of small offshore islands in eastern African prehistory
Journal name Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1556-4894
Publication date 2016-06-09
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/15564894.2016.1188334
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 2
Start page 211
End page 237
Total pages 27
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 1910 Oceanography
1204 Archaeology
2303 Ecology
1202 History
3302 Archaeology
Abstract Recent archaeological research has firmly established eastern Africa's offshore islands as important localities for understanding the region's pre-Swahili maritime adaptations and early Indian Ocean trade connections. While the importance of the sea and small offshore islands to the development of urbanized and mercantile Swahili societies has long been recognized, the formative stages of island colonization—and in particular the processes by which migrating Iron Age groups essentially became “maritime”—are still relatively poorly understood. Here we present the results of recent archaeological fieldwork in the Mafia Archipelago, which aims to understand these early adaptations and situate them within a longer-term trajectory of island settlement and pre-Swahili cultural developments. We focus on the results of zooarchaeological, archaeobotanical, and material culture studies relating to early subsistence and trade on this island to explore the changing significance of marine resources to the local economy. We also discuss the implications of these maritime adaptations for the development of local and long-distance Indian Ocean trade networks.
Keyword Fishing
Iron Age
Late Holocene
Mafia Archipelago
Maritime adaptation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Open Access

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Social Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 21 Aug 2016, 02:53:23 EST by Alison Crowther on behalf of School of Social Science