Envenomation by the box-jellyfish Chironex fleckeri: how nematocysts discharge

Endean R., Rifkin J.F. and Daddow L.Y.M. (1991) Envenomation by the box-jellyfish Chironex fleckeri: how nematocysts discharge. Hydrobiologia, 216-217 1: 641-648. doi:10.1007/BF00026525

Author Endean R.
Rifkin J.F.
Daddow L.Y.M.
Title Envenomation by the box-jellyfish Chironex fleckeri: how nematocysts discharge
Journal name Hydrobiologia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0018-8158
Publication date 1991-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF00026525
Volume 216-217
Issue 1
Start page 641
End page 648
Total pages 8
Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject 2312 Water Science and Technology
2310 Pollution
2300 Environmental Science
1910 Oceanography
1104 Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Abstract The capsules of isolated mastigophores of C. fleckeri were impermeable to water and neutral red dye. After air drying, ca 30% discharged, most everting fully, when exposed to distilled water or sodium citrate but in a seawater medium only partial discharge was induced. The capsular contents of discharging mastigophores dyed strongly red with neutral red and showed metachromasy with toluidine blue. Electron micrographs revealed hexagonal arrays of granules ca 12 nm in diam. Evidence supports the view that a polymerization of the capsular material initiates tubule eversion and that complete eversion involves osmotic inflow of water and sustained compression of the capsular contents.
Keyword Chironex fleckeri
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 4 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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