The effect of solvent on the styrene-acrylonitrile copolymerization

Hill D.J.T., Lang A.P., Munro P.D. and O'Donnell J.H. (1992) The effect of solvent on the styrene-acrylonitrile copolymerization. European Polymer Journal, 28 4: 391-398. doi:10.1016/0014-3057(92)90260-9

Author Hill D.J.T.
Lang A.P.
Munro P.D.
O'Donnell J.H.
Title The effect of solvent on the styrene-acrylonitrile copolymerization
Journal name European Polymer Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0014-3057
Publication date 1992-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0014-3057(92)90260-9
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 28
Issue 4
Start page 391
End page 398
Total pages 8
Subject 1605 Policy and Administration
2507 Polymers and Plastics
Abstract The copolymerization of styrene and acrylonitrile has been examined in acetonitrile and toluene and in bulk. All the systems display a significant penultimate unit effect. The comparison of the bulk system with these involving toluene and acetonitrile reveals a relatively small solvent effect. The bulk and toluene systems behave very similarly in the high styrene region (Xs > 0.3), while the bulk and acetonitrile systems behave very similarly in the high acrylonitrile region (Xs < 0.3). The solvents, therefore, behave as effective analogues of styrene and acrylonitrile, which are the "solvents" in the bulk copolymerization. The relationships between the copolymer compositions and triad fractions for the polymers prepared in each system have been assessed for evidence consistent with partitioning of monomer between polymer and solvent phases. Similar relationships were found for the triads independent of the solvent, a result which may be indicative of a "bootstrap" effect.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 35 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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