Order and serial position effects in response time with multiple-item probe recognition

Pike R., Jackson K. and Dalgleish L. (1988) Order and serial position effects in response time with multiple-item probe recognition. Memory & Cognition, 16 3: 220-231. doi:10.3758/BF03197755

Author Pike R.
Jackson K.
Dalgleish L.
Title Order and serial position effects in response time with multiple-item probe recognition
Journal name Memory & Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0090-502X
Publication date 1988-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/BF03197755
Volume 16
Issue 3
Start page 220
End page 231
Total pages 12
Subject 3206 Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
3200 Psychology
Abstract We examined the order effect in item-recognition response time, that is, differences in response time for multiple-item probes containing items in the same or in the reverse order as those in the memory set. Experiment 1 used the response condition in which only one item must be positive for a positive response, Experiment 2 used homogeneous probes in which all the items are either positive or negative, and Experiment 3 used the condition in which all the items must be positive. Of particular interest were the serial position variations in order effects for probes containing items that were adjacent in the memory set. We previously found that such effects are an indication of subjective grouping of the memory set and the matching of the probe with these subgroups. The order effect in the one-positive condition was only weak in most cases, but it was strong with homogeneous probes when the memory set was objectively grouped or was ungrouped but with a constant set size. There were also strong order effects in the all-positive condition for probes with items that were nonadjacent in the memory set. Our results are interpreted in terms of a parallel match process based on a distribution over position of items in subjective or objective groups. We account for the origin of the distribution-over-position process in terms of multiple representations of the grouped memory sets. The model assumes that each subgroup is represented in memory several, and perhaps very many, times and that considerable error in item positioning can occur over the multiple representations of any group.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
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