Stability versus Transition in Women′s Career Development: A Test of Levinson′s Theory

Smart R. and Peterson C. (1994) Stability versus Transition in Women′s Career Development: A Test of Levinson′s Theory. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 45 3: 241-260. doi:10.1006/jvbe.1994.1034


Author Smart R.
Peterson C.
Title Stability versus Transition in Women′s Career Development: A Test of Levinson′s Theory
Journal name Journal of Vocational Behavior   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-8791
Publication date 1994-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1006/jvbe.1994.1034
Open Access Status
Volume 45
Issue 3
Start page 241
End page 260
Total pages 20
Subject 1407 Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
3202 Applied Psychology
3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
Abstract The career component of Levinson′s theory of adult development is organized around an orderly series of cyclic alternations, at prescribed chronological ages, between stability and transition in career attitudes, goals, and behavior. This study tested predictions from the stability-transition hypothesis using a sample of 498 Australian professional women representing each of Levinson′s seven employed stages from age 22 through age 60. A total of 12 dimensions of career-related thinking were examined, 6 involving satisfaction and 6 tapping other facets of career attitudes and planning. The quintic trend that had been predicted by Levinson′s theory emerged as statistically significant for one of these variables only, namely, pay satisfaction. In addition, there were some individual contrasts between discrete age periods in the women′s work involvement, promotional aspiration, and planning to move. Possible reasons for (a) the cycling of changes in pay satisfaction in accordance with Levinson′ theory and (b) why the quintic trend was found for the pay variable only were discussed. Results were also considered in relation to those of previous attempts to validate Levinson′s theory.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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