Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems

Pandolfi, John M., Bradbury, Roger H., Sala, Enric, Hughes, Terence P., Bjorndal, Karen A., Cooke, Richard G., McArdle, Deborah, McClenachan, Loren, Newman, Marah J. H., Paredes, Gustavo, Warner, Robert R. and Jackson, Jeremy B. C. (2003) Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems. Science, 301 5635: 955-958. doi:10.1126/science.1085706


Author Pandolfi, John M.
Bradbury, Roger H.
Sala, Enric
Hughes, Terence P.
Bjorndal, Karen A.
Cooke, Richard G.
McArdle, Deborah
McClenachan, Loren
Newman, Marah J. H.
Paredes, Gustavo
Warner, Robert R.
Jackson, Jeremy B. C.
Title Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems
Journal name Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0036-8075
1095-9203
Publication date 2003-08-15
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1126/science.1085706
Volume 301
Issue 5635
Start page 955
End page 958
Total pages 4
Place of publication Washington D. C.
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Language eng
Subject 02 Physical Sciences
Abstract Degradation of coral reef ecosystems began centuries ago, but there is no global summary of the magnitude of change. We compiled records, extending back thousands of years, of the status and trends of seven major guilds of carnivores, herbivores, and architectural species from 14 regions. Large animals declined before small animals and architectural species, and Atlantic reefs declined before reefs in the Red Sea and Australia, but the trajectories of decline were markedly similar worldwide. All reefs were substantially degraded long before outbreaks of coral disease and bleaching. Regardless of these new threats, reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales.
Keyword Ecology
Belize
Diseases
Future
Scale
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Physical Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2007, 23:44:25 EST