Identification and treatability of organics in oil shale retort water

Dobson K.R., Stephenson M., Greenfield P.F. and Bell P.R.F. (1985) Identification and treatability of organics in oil shale retort water. Water Research, 19 7: 849-856. doi:10.1016/0043-1354(85)90142-3

Author Dobson K.R.
Stephenson M.
Greenfield P.F.
Bell P.R.F.
Title Identification and treatability of organics in oil shale retort water
Journal name Water Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0043-1354
Publication date 1985-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0043-1354(85)90142-3
Volume 19
Issue 7
Start page 849
End page 856
Total pages 8
Language eng
Subject 1904 Performing Arts and Creative Writing
Abstract Analysis by GC-MS of the process water derived from Fischer Assay retoring of oil shale from Rundle, Australia has provided positive identification of the major organic constituents present. This is the first detailed analysis of retort water from Australian oil shales and showed that the compounds ranged from being highly biodegradable to highly inhibitory and resistant to biological oxidation. The major classes of compounds found in a composited sample included normal carboxylic acids, alkyl pyridines, quinolines and cyclic saturated and unsaturated ketones. Separation of the retort water into its acid, base and neutral fractions was brought about by solvent extraction using methylene chloride. A series of treatability studies on the retort water confirmed the hypothesis that only a portion of the organic carbon was amenable to biological treatment. In addition, high ammonia levels further inhibited biological action. Adsorption of the retort water with activated carbon proved most successful in removing the non-biodegradable fraction of the organic species. Chemical oxidation by ozone does not appear attractive because it lacks the specificity of adsorption.
Keyword carbon adsorption
GC-MS identification
oil shale retort water
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Tue, 05 Jul 2016, 12:17:48 EST by System User