To drink or not to drink: The differential role of alcohol expectancies and drinking refusal self-efficacy in quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption

Baldwin A.R., Oei T.P.S. and Young R. (1993) To drink or not to drink: The differential role of alcohol expectancies and drinking refusal self-efficacy in quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17 6: 511-530. doi:10.1007/BF01176076


Author Baldwin A.R.
Oei T.P.S.
Young R.
Title To drink or not to drink: The differential role of alcohol expectancies and drinking refusal self-efficacy in quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption
Journal name Cognitive Therapy and Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0147-5916
Publication date 1993-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF01176076
Volume 17
Issue 6
Start page 511
End page 530
Total pages 20
Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Subject 3203 Clinical Psychology
3200 Psychology
Abstract Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships between alcohol expectancies (AE) and drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) beliefs on the one hand, and quantity and frequency aspects of alcohol consumption on the other, in a sample of 118 undergraduate students. Specific expectancies that alcohol increases assertiveness and that the subject would have poor control over drinking were directly related to the consumption of larger quantities of alcohol per drinking occasion. Drinking refusal self-efficacy was related inversely to frequency of drinking: Subjects with high opportunistic DRSE and high social pressure DRSE drank less frequently. Females drank less per drinking occasion, drank less frequently, had a lower expectancy that alcohol increases assertiveness, expected to have greater control over their drinking, and had higher opportunistic DRSE than did males. The findings indicate that AE and DRSE play different roles in influencing the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption. The implication of these findings for future research is discussed.
Keyword alcohol expectancies
refusal self-efficacy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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Created: Tue, 28 Jun 2016, 17:12:51 EST by System User