Environmental influences on the development of traditional conservation in the South Pacific region

Chapman M.D. (1985) Environmental influences on the development of traditional conservation in the South Pacific region. Environmental Conservation, 12 3: 217-230. doi:10.1017/S0376892900015952

Author Chapman M.D.
Title Environmental influences on the development of traditional conservation in the South Pacific region
Journal name Environmental Conservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-8929
Publication date 1985-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0376892900015952
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Start page 217
End page 230
Total pages 14
Subject 2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
2304 Environmental Chemistry
2300 Environmental Science
2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
2312 Water Science and Technology
2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
2310 Pollution
1900 Earth and Planetary Sciences
Abstract There is an urgent need for improved understanding of conservation attitudes in the Third World because of the increasing rate of resource depletion that is now occurring in the countries involved. Although conservation practices by traditional societies in the Third World have received much attention from research workers, the fact that some practices are intentional and others inadvertent has been largely ignored. However, it is the motivation for these intentional conservation measures and the environmental influences on the people who apply them, which is crucial to understanding variations in conservation behaviour among traditional societies. Traditional conservation in the South Pacific was based on a complex system of resource-use taboos which prevented overexploitation in the limited island environment. These taboos contributed to the achievement during pre-European times of what appears from historical accounts to have been a state of relative equilibrium between island populations and their resources. Predictability and extremeness are two environmental factors which are thought to affect the development of conservational behaviour. Both these factors were examined in the light of traditional conservation in the South Pacific. Droughts and hurricanes are the two main sources of environmental unpredictability in the South Pacific, although the islands vary considerably in the degree to which they are affected by them. It was concluded that a distinction between real and perceived environmental predictability was necessary before one could fully understand the influence of predictability upon the development of conservational behaviour in the South Pacific. As the Pacific islanders were traditionally horticulturists, the most relevant measure of environmental extremeness for them was rainfall. Extremeness of environment did seem to favour the development of a conservational behaviour in this region. However, in the case of both predictability and extremeness, it was necessary to take into account other environmental and non-environmental factors which could also have an influence upon the development of such behaviour. The study indicated the importance of environmental factors, both real and perceived, in shaping conservation attitudes. To increase the success of their programmes, resource managers in the Third World must recognize the important influence which such factors can have upon the degree of acceptability of such programmes among traditional societies in this region.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
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Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 21 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 28 Jun 2016, 16:44:15 EST by System User