Waking and roosting behaviour of the indian myna

Counselman J.J. (1974) Waking and roosting behaviour of the indian myna. Emu, 74 3: 135-148. doi:10.1071/MU974135


Author Counselman J.J.
Title Waking and roosting behaviour of the indian myna
Journal name Emu   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1448-5540
Publication date 1974-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/MU974135
Volume 74
Issue 3
Start page 135
End page 148
Total pages 14
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
1105 Dentistry
Abstract Waking and roosting of Acridolheres tristis at communal roosts were studied during two years m Auckland. Mynas sleep communally in trees all the year, the only exceptions being incubating and brooding females. Birds use some roosts during late spring and summer only and some roosts throughout the year. The temporary roosts are formed just before reproduction and, when they are formed, numbers of birds visiting year-round roosts drop sharply; they are gradually deserted during the summer long before the end of breeding. At year-round roosts the times of assembly and of departure show' trends relative to civil twilight and are latest and earliest respectively when breeding is at a peak. The intensities of light at which birds arrive and depart are the lowest at this time* These trends are probably because reproductive hormones affect the birds1 sensitivity to physical cues or cause an increased attraction to the territory and nest. Throughout the breeding season changes in the status of arriving birds {singles, pairs and groups) correlate with the changing numbers of breeding pairs* Light is probably the only physical factor that could provide consistent cues to times of waking and roostiuR Other factors, such as temperature and humidity, may have an effect, especially on the periods of assembly and departure. An endogenous dock, set by light and possibly a social Zettgeber, allows early departures, especially important to breeding individuals; it prevents a waste of time and energy during the day that might come from premature roosting. The time available to breeding birds for feeding and for collecting food for nestlings is increased by leaving early from, and arriving late at, roosts. An early defence of the territory may also advance the time of departure. Vocalizations at roosts do not advertise them but are more proximate socially, as when these calls are given during the dav. Gatherings before roosting provide protection from predation, whicn may be greater in evening, but do not always prevent foraging. Communal sleeping protects Mynas more from predators than if they slept solitarily. Other advantages, such as maintaining the unity ot juvenile flocks and an increased efficiency in finding food, come from sleeping communally, but at any one tune most birds in Auckland do not exploit these additional benefits.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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Created: Tue, 28 Jun 2016, 14:16:24 EST by System User