Further studies of the venoms of Conidae

Endean R. and Rudkin C. (1965) Further studies of the venoms of Conidae. Toxicon, 2 4: 225-249.

Author Endean R.
Rudkin C.
Title Further studies of the venoms of Conidae
Journal name Toxicon   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0041-0101
Publication date 1965-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 2
Issue 4
Start page 225
End page 249
Total pages 25
Subject 3005 Toxicology
Abstract Mice, fish, gastropods and polychaetes were injected with the venoms of 23 species of Conidae. The venoms of Conus magus, C. striatus and C. stercusmuscarium quickly immobilized fish and were lethal to mice. Lethal and near lethal doses of posterior duct venom from C. magus produced a spastic paralysis in mice whilst lethal and near lethal doses of anterior duct venom of C. magus, posterior duct venom of some specimens of C. striatus and the venom of C. stercusmuscarium caused flaccid paralysis of the skeletal musculature of mice. Venom from some specimens of C. striatus induced circling movements in mice. The venoms of C. omaria, C. aulicus, C. episcopis, C. ammiralis and C. tigrinus quickly paralysed the gastropod Melarapha scabra. The polychaete Phyllodoce malmgremi was paralysed or partially paralysed by the venoms of C. litteratus, C. millepunctata, C. pulicarius, C. figulinus, C. arenatus, C. imperialis, C. virgo, C. rattus, C. eburneus and C. planorbis. Analysis of well-authenticated records of human injury inflicted by Conidae supports the contention that only piscivorous Conidae pose a threat to man. The structure of the radular teeth of Conidae provides a means of distinguishing between piscivorous, vermivorous and molluscivorous species.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
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Created: Tue, 14 Jun 2016, 16:48:06 EST by System User