No mental health without oral health

Kisely, Steve (2016) No mental health without oral health. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 61 5: 277-282. doi:10.1177/0706743716632523

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Author Kisely, Steve
Title No mental health without oral health
Journal name The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0706-7437
Publication date 2016-05-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0706743716632523
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 61
Issue 5
Start page 277
End page 282
Total pages 6
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Language eng
Subject 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Abstract The poor physical health faced by people with mental illness has been the subject of growing attention, but there has been less focus on the issue of oral health even though it is an important part of physical health. This article discusses the two-way association between oral and mental health. In one direction, the prospect of dental treatment can lead to anxiety and phobia. In the other, many psychiatric disorders, such as severe mental illness, affective disorders, and eating disorders, are associated with dental disease: These include erosion, caries, and periodontitis. Left untreated, dental diseases can lead to teeth loss such that people with severe mental illness have 2.7 times the likelihood of losing all their teeth, compared with the general population. Possible interventions include oral health assessments using standard checklists that can be completed by nondental personnel, help with oral hygiene, management of iatrogenic dry mouth, and early dental referral.
Keyword Eating disorders
Anorexia nervosa
Severe mental illness
Oral health
Dental disease
Dental erosion
Periodontal disease
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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