A study of factors associated with diffusion and adoption of high yielding rice varieties (H.Y.Vs.) in Nawalparansi District of Nepal

Khadka, Shyam Sunder (1979). A study of factors associated with diffusion and adoption of high yielding rice varieties (H.Y.Vs.) in Nawalparansi District of Nepal Master's Thesis, School of Land, Crop and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Khadka, Shyam Sunder
Thesis Title A study of factors associated with diffusion and adoption of high yielding rice varieties (H.Y.Vs.) in Nawalparansi District of Nepal
School, Centre or Institute School of Land, Crop and Food Sciences
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1979-01-01
Thesis type Master's Thesis
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Supervisor Shankariah Chamala
Total pages 103
Language eng
Subjects 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Formatted abstract
Seventy nine farmers of the two villages viz. Gobraiyan and Sarawal of Nawalparansi district of Nepal were interviewed with a questionnaire to determine the factors associated with the diffusion and adoption of high yielding rice varieties (H.Y.V. ) practices. The factors affecting adoption were identified and analyzed at two levels - the village or social system and the individual farmer level. 

The level of awareness - knowledge of H.Y.V. rice seeds eventually reached 100 percent by the year 1976 i.e. only nine years after its introduction. However, the adoption levels for three inputs viz. H.Y.V. rice seeds, fertilizers and pesticides in the year 1977 were found to be only 75.9, 21.5 and 55.6 percents respectively. The pattern of diffusion and adoption over time indicated that diffusion and adoption began first with the bigger and wealthier sections of the farming community, but spread quite steadily among medium and small farmers. However, the adoption process left behind the majority of farmers belonging to lower socio-economic strata (70 percent). 

Socio-economic classes were found to be an inportant factor in structuring village level interaction patterns regarding H.Y.V. practices' information flow. Sociometric techniques employed in this Study suggest that informal leaders (perceived best farmers and perceived best friends) hold a great potential for influencing other farmers to adopt H.Y.V. technology, if formally utilized. For higher and medium socio-economic members, farm consultation followed perceived best farmer patterns, in general, whereas for lower status members, it followed perceived best friend pattern. 

Step-wise regression analysis was used to identify the key , determinants of adoption behaviour at individual level from the listing of possible determinants. Adoption behaviour was found to be most influenced by composite scale of socio-economic status, knowledge of credit and input agencies, credit use and contact with Junior Technical Assistant (J.T.A.). These four independent variables jointly explained 70.1 percent variation in adoption behaviour. 

When the components of most significant variable viz. socioeconomic status were examined, occupation, level of educational attainment and farm size were proved to be most significant in determining adoption behaviour. 

The lack of response of non-adopters to the H.Y.V. rice practices reflected that they lacked resources to invest in H.Y.V. practices or were "institutionally" precluded from taking advantage of the government H.Y.V. programme. 

The findings of this Study strongly suggest- that there is a need to formulate different approaches to meet the felt needs of farmers belonging to three categories viz. high level, low level and non-adopters. It further calls for special emphasis in involving farmers from lower and medium socio-economic strata in Government H.Y.V. programmes.
Keyword Rice - Nepal
Additional Notes Spine title: Study of diffusion and adoption of HYV rice Nepal.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: UQ Theses (non-RHD) - UQ staff and students only
 
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