Interactions between sea-level rise and wave exposure on reef island dynamics in the Solomon Islands

Albert, Simon, Leon, Javier X., Grinham, Alistair R., Church, John A., Gibbes, Badin R. and Woodroffe, Colin D. (2016) Interactions between sea-level rise and wave exposure on reef island dynamics in the Solomon Islands. Environmental Research Letters, 11 5: 1-9. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054011

Author Albert, Simon
Leon, Javier X.
Grinham, Alistair R.
Church, John A.
Gibbes, Badin R.
Woodroffe, Colin D.
Title Interactions between sea-level rise and wave exposure on reef island dynamics in the Solomon Islands
Journal name Environmental Research Letters   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1748-9326
Publication date 2016-05-06
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054011
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 5
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Place of publication Bristol, United Kingdom
Publisher Institute of Physics Publishing
Language eng
Subject 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
2300 Environmental Science
2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Abstract Low-lying reef islands in the Solomon Islands provide a valuable window into the future impacts of global sea-level rise. Sea-level rise has been predicted to cause widespread erosion and inundation of low-lying atolls in the central Pacific. However, the limited research on reef islands in the western Pacific indicates the majority of shoreline changes and inundation to date result from extreme events, seawalls and inappropriate development rather than sea-level rise alone. Here, we present the first analysis of coastal dynamics from a sea-level rise hotspot in the Solomon Islands. Using time series aerial and satellite imagery from 1947 to 2014 of 33 islands, along with historical insight from local knowledge, we have identified five vegetated reef islands that have vanished over this time period and a further six islands experiencing severe shoreline recession. Shoreline recession at two sites has destroyed villages that have existed since at least 1935, leading to community relocations. Rates of shoreline recession are substantially higher in areas exposed to high wave energy, indicating a synergistic interaction between sea-level rise and waves. Understanding these local factors that increase the susceptibility of islands to coastal erosion is critical to guide adaptation responses for these remote Pacific communities.
Keyword Environmental Sciences
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Mon, 23 May 2016, 20:42:08 EST by Dr Alistair Grinham on behalf of School of Civil Engineering