Comparison of five blood-typing methods for the feline AB blood group system

Seth, Mayank, Jackson, Karen V. and Giger, Urs (2011) Comparison of five blood-typing methods for the feline AB blood group system. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 72 2: 203-209. doi:10.2460/ajvr.72.2.203

Author Seth, Mayank
Jackson, Karen V.
Giger, Urs
Title Comparison of five blood-typing methods for the feline AB blood group system
Journal name American Journal of Veterinary Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0002-9645
Publication date 2011-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2460/ajvr.72.2.203
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 72
Issue 2
Start page 203
End page 209
Total pages 7
Place of publication Schaumburg, IL United States
Publisher American Veterinary Medical Association
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective—To compare the ease of use and accuracy of 5 feline AB blood-typing methods: card agglutination (CARD), immunochromatographic cartridge (CHROM), gel-based (GEL), and conventional slide (SLIDE) and tube (TUBE) agglutination assays.

Sample Population—490 anticoagulated blood samples from sick and healthy cats submitted to the Transfusion or Clinical Laboratory at the Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

Procedures—Sample selection was purposely biased toward those from anemic, type B, or type AB cats or those with autoagglutination. All blood samples were tested by use of GEL, SLIDE, and TUBE methods. Fifty-eight samples were also tested by use of CARD and CHROM methods. The presence of alloantibodies in all cats expressing the B antigen as detected by use of any method was also assessed.

Results—Compared with the historical gold-standard TUBE method, good to excellent agreement was achieved with the other typing tests: CARD, 53 of 58 (91% agreement); CHROM, 55 of 58 (95%); GEL, 487 of 490 (99%); and SLIDE, 482 of 487 (99%; 3 samples were excluded because of autoagglutination). Four of the samples with discordant test results originated from cats with FeLV-related anemia.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Current laboratory and in-clinic methods provide simple and accurate typing for the feline AB blood group system with few discrepancies. Retyping after in-clinic typing with the GEL or TUBE laboratory methods is recommended to confirm any type B or AB cats.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Veterinary Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 18 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 18 May 2016, 00:52:57 EST by Karen Jackson on behalf of School of Veterinary Science