Moral injury, spiritual care and the role of chaplains: an exploratory scoping review of literature and resources

Carey, Lindsay B., Hodgson, Timothy J., Krikheli, Lillian, Soh, Rachel Y., Armour, Annie-Rose, Singh, Taranjeet K. and Impiombato, Cassandra G. (2016) Moral injury, spiritual care and the role of chaplains: an exploratory scoping review of literature and resources. Journal of Religion and Health, 55 4: 1218-1245. doi:10.1007/s10943-016-0231-x

Author Carey, Lindsay B.
Hodgson, Timothy J.
Krikheli, Lillian
Soh, Rachel Y.
Armour, Annie-Rose
Singh, Taranjeet K.
Impiombato, Cassandra G.
Title Moral injury, spiritual care and the role of chaplains: an exploratory scoping review of literature and resources
Journal name Journal of Religion and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-4197
Publication date 2016-08-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10943-016-0231-x
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 55
Issue 4
Start page 1218
End page 1245
Total pages 28
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This scoping review considered the role of chaplains with regard to ‘moral injury’. Moral injury is gaining increasing notoriety. This is due to greater recognition that trauma (in its various forms) can cause much deeper inflictions and afflictions than just physiological or psychological harm, for there may also be wounds affecting the ‘soul’ that are far more difficult to heal—if at all. As part of a larger research program exploring moral injury, a scoping review of literature and other resources was implemented utilising Arksey and O’Malley’s scoping method (Int J Soc Res Methodol 8(1):19–32, 2005) to focus upon moral injury, spirituality (including religion) and chaplaincy. Of the total number of articles and/or resources noting the term ‘moral injury’ in relation to spiritual/religious issues (n = 482), the results revealed 60 resources that specifically noted moral injury and chaplains (or other similar bestowed title). The majority of these resources were clearly positive about the role (or the potential role) of chaplains with regard to mental health issues and/or moral injury. The World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases: Australian Modification of Health Interventions to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and related Health problems (10th revision, vol 3—WHO ICD-10-AM, Geneva, 2002), was utilised as a coding framework to classify and identify distinct chaplaincy roles and interventions with regard to assisting people with moral injury. Several recommendations are made concerning moral injury and chaplaincy, most particularly the need for greater research to be conducted.
Keyword Chaplain
Moral injury
Pastoral care
Spiritual care
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
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