Economic assessment of different mulches in conventional and water-saving rice production systems

Jabran, Khawar, Hussain, Mubshar, Fahad, Shah, Farooq, Muhammad, Bajwa, Ali Ahsan, Alharrby, Hesham and Nasim, Wajid (2016) Economic assessment of different mulches in conventional and water-saving rice production systems. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 9: 9156-9163. doi:10.1007/s11356-016-6162-y


Author Jabran, Khawar
Hussain, Mubshar
Fahad, Shah
Farooq, Muhammad
Bajwa, Ali Ahsan
Alharrby, Hesham
Nasim, Wajid
Title Economic assessment of different mulches in conventional and water-saving rice production systems
Journal name Environmental Science and Pollution Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1614-7499
0944-1344
Publication date 2016-05-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11356-016-6162-y
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 23
Issue 9
Start page 9156
End page 9163
Total pages 8
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Subject 2304 Environmental Chemistry
2310 Pollution
2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Abstract Water-saving rice production systems including alternate wetting and drying (AWD) and aerobic rice (AR) are being increasingly adopted by growers due to global water crises. Application of natural and artificial mulches may further improve water economy of water-saving rice production systems. Conventionally flooded rice (CFR) system has been rarely compared with AWD and AR in terms of economic returns. In this 2-year field study, we compared CFR with AWD and AR (with and without straw and plastic mulches) for the cost of production and economic benefits. Results indicated that CFR had a higher production cost than AWD and AR. However, application of mulches increased the cost of production of AWD and AR production systems where plastic mulch was expensive than straw mulch. Although the mulching increased the cost of production for AWD and AR, the gross income of these systems was also improved significantly. The gross income from mulched plots of AWD and AR was higher than non-mulched plots of the same systems. In conclusion, AWD and AR effectively reduce cost of production by economizing the water use. However, the use of natural and artificial mulches in such water-saving environments further increased the economic returns. The maximized economic returns by using straw mulch in water-saving rice production systems definitely have pragmatic implications for sustainable agriculture.
Keyword Cost of production
Economic analysis
Fixed cost
Mulch systems
Rice
Rice systems
Water-saving techniques
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
 
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Created: Tue, 10 May 2016, 10:28:31 EST by System User on behalf of Qld Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation