Overview of a public health approach to pediatric hearing impairment in the Pacific Islands

Kaspar, Annette, Kei, Joseph, Driscoll, Carlie, Swanepoel, De Wet and Goulios, Helen (2016) Overview of a public health approach to pediatric hearing impairment in the Pacific Islands. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 86 43-52. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.04.018


Author Kaspar, Annette
Kei, Joseph
Driscoll, Carlie
Swanepoel, De Wet
Goulios, Helen
Title Overview of a public health approach to pediatric hearing impairment in the Pacific Islands
Journal name International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1872-8464
0165-5876
Publication date 2016-07-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.04.018
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 86
Start page 43
End page 52
Total pages 10
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background

Childhood hearing impairment is a significant cause of disability in developing countries. Otitis media and meningitis are leading infectious causes of preventable hearing loss in children. It is estimated that the Pacific Islands have among the greatest global burden of childhood hearing impairment due to infectious causes, and yet there is currently very little in the research literature on pediatric hearing disorders in this region.

Objectives

(1) To review existing research literature on pediatric hearing impairment in the Pacific Islands, and (2) to present a public health approach to the development and improvement of childhood hearing services in the Pacific Islands.

Data

The primary tool was a comprehensive literature review. MEDLINE and ScienceDirect databases were searched for relevant journal articles. There was no limit on the date of publication. Any article reporting on hearing impairment in the Pacific Region was included.

Results

A total of 23 journal articles were found that satisfied the above inclusion criteria. The limited information available in the literature suggests that otitis media and vaccine-preventable infections are a significant cause of avoidable childhood hearing impairment in the Pacific Islands. Pediatric audiology services are limited in this region. Further research is required to develop effective public health programs that should reduce the burden of preventable childhood hearing loss in the Pacific Islands.

Conclusions

There is limited information in the research literature on pediatric hearing impairment and audiology services in the Pacific Islands. Epidemiological data based on the WHO Ear and Hearing Disorders Survey Protocol are urgently needed, and the development of audiology services within the existing public and primary health care framework should reduce the burden of preventable hearing loss in the Pacific Islands.
Keyword Hearing loss
Otitis media
Meningitis
Pacific Islands
Developing countries
Public health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 03 May 2016, 10:14:25 EST by System User on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences