Developing a reliable audit instrument to measure the physical environment for physical activity

Pikora, TJ, Bull, FCL, Jamrozik, K, Knuiman, M, Giles-Corti, B and Donovan, RJ (2002) Developing a reliable audit instrument to measure the physical environment for physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 23 3: 187-194. doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00498-1

Author Pikora, TJ
Bull, FCL
Jamrozik, K
Knuiman, M
Giles-Corti, B
Donovan, RJ
Title Developing a reliable audit instrument to measure the physical environment for physical activity
Journal name American Journal of Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0749-3797
Publication date 2002-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00498-1
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 23
Issue 3
Start page 187
End page 194
Total pages 8
Place of publication New York
Publisher Elsevier Science Inc
Language eng
Abstract Background: The physical environment plays an important role in influencing participation in physical activity, although which factors of the physical environment have the greatest effect on patterns of activity remain to be determined. We describe the development of a comprehensive instrument to measure the physical environmental factors that may influence walking and cycling in local neighborhoods and report on its reliability. Methods: Following consultation with experts from a variety of fields and a literature search, we developed a Systematic Pedestrian and Cycling Environmental Scan (SPACES) instrument and used it to collect data over a total of 1987 kilometers of roads in metropolitan Perth, Western Australia. The audit instrument is available from the first author on request. Additional environmental information was collected using desktop methods and geographic information systems (GIS) technology. We assessed inter- and intra-rater reliability of the instrument among the 16 observers who collected the data. Results: The observers reported that the audit instrument was easy to use. Both inter- and intra-rater reliability of the environmental scan instrument were generally high. Conclusions: Our instrument provides a reliable, practical, and easy to-use method for collecting detailed street-level data on physical environmental factors that are potential influences on walking in local neighborhoods.
Keyword Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Medicine, General & Internal
Environment Design
Reproducibility Of Results
Perceived Environment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 227 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2007, 23:11:53 EST