Modelling anaerobic co-digestion in Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2: Parameter estimation, substrate characterisation and plant-wide integration

Arnell, Magnus, Astals, Sergi, Amand, Linda, Batstone, Damien J., Jensen, Paul D. and Jeppsson, Ulf (2016) Modelling anaerobic co-digestion in Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2: Parameter estimation, substrate characterisation and plant-wide integration. Water Research, 98 138-146. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2016.03.070


Author Arnell, Magnus
Astals, Sergi
Amand, Linda
Batstone, Damien J.
Jensen, Paul D.
Jeppsson, Ulf
Title Modelling anaerobic co-digestion in Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2: Parameter estimation, substrate characterisation and plant-wide integration
Journal name Water Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1879-2448
0043-1354
Publication date 2016-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2016.03.070
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 98
Start page 138
End page 146
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Anaerobic co-digestion is an emerging practice at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to improve the energy balance and integrate waste management. Modelling of co-digestion in a plant-wide WWTP model is a powerful tool to assess the impact of co-substrate selection and dose strategy on digester performance and plant-wide effects. A feasible procedure to characterise and fractionate co-substrates COD for the Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM2) was developed. This procedure is also applicable for the Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1). Long chain fatty acid inhibition was included in the ADM1 model to allow for realistic modelling of lipid rich co-substrates. Sensitivity analysis revealed that, apart from the biodegradable fraction of COD, protein and lipid fractions are the most important fractions for methane production and digester stability, with at least two major failure modes identified through principal component analysis (PCA). The model and procedure were tested on bio-methane potential (BMP) tests on three substrates, each rich on carbohydrates, proteins or lipids with good predictive capability in all three cases. This model was then applied to a plant-wide simulation study which confirmed the positive effects of co-digestion on methane production and total operational cost. Simulations also revealed the importance of limiting the protein load to the anaerobic digester to avoid ammonia inhibition in the digester and overloading of the nitrogen removal processes in the water train. In contrast, the digester can treat relatively high loads of lipid rich substrates without prolonged disturbances.
Keyword ADM1
Anaerobic digestion
Codigestion
LCFA inhibition
Mathematical modelling
Waste characterisation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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