A roving dual-presentation simultaneity-judgment task to estimate the point of subjective simultaneity

Yarrow, Kielan, Martin, Sian E., Di Costa, Steven, Solomon, Joshua A. and Arnold, Derek H. (2016) A roving dual-presentation simultaneity-judgment task to estimate the point of subjective simultaneity. Frontiers in Psychology, 7 MAR: 416. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00416

Author Yarrow, Kielan
Martin, Sian E.
Di Costa, Steven
Solomon, Joshua A.
Arnold, Derek H.
Title A roving dual-presentation simultaneity-judgment task to estimate the point of subjective simultaneity
Journal name Frontiers in Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1664-1078
Publication date 2016-03-24
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00416
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 7
Issue MAR
Start page 416
Total pages 19
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Language eng
Subject 3200 Psychology
Abstract The most popular tasks with which to investigate the perception of subjective synchrony are the temporal order judgment (TOJ) and the simultaneity judgment (SJ). Here, we discuss a complementary approach-a dual-presentation (2x) SJ task-and focus on appropriate analysis methods for a theoretically desirable "roving" design. Two stimulus pairs are presented on each trial and the observer must select the most synchronous. To demonstrate this approach, in Experiment 1 we tested the 2xSJ task alongside TOJ, SJ, and simple reaction-time (RT) tasks using audiovisual stimuli. We interpret responses from each task using detection-theoretic models, which assume variable arrival times for sensory signals at critical brain structures for timing perception. All tasks provide similar estimates of the point of subjective simultaneity (PSS) on average, and PSS estimates from some tasks were correlated on an individual basis. The 2xSJ task produced lower and more stable estimates of model-based (and thus comparable) sensory/decision noise than the TOJ. In Experiment 2 we obtained similar results using RT, TOJ, ternary, and 2xSJ tasks for all combinations of auditory, visual, and tactile stimuli. In Experiment 3 we investigated attentional prior entry, using both TOJs and 2xSJs. We found that estimates of prior-entry magnitude correlated across these tasks. Overall, our study establishes the practicality of the roving dual-presentation SJ task, but also illustrates the additional complexity of the procedure. We consider ways in which this task might complement more traditional procedures, particularly when it is important to estimate both PSS and sensory/decisional noise.
Keyword Multisensory perception
Timing and time perception
Temporal order
Simultaneity judgment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID BB/K01479X/1
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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