Bus accident severity and passenger injury: evidence from Denmark

Prato, Carlo Giacomo and Kaplan, Sigal (2014) Bus accident severity and passenger injury: evidence from Denmark. European Transport Research Review, 6 1: 17-30. doi:10.1007/s12544-013-0107-z

Author Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Kaplan, Sigal
Title Bus accident severity and passenger injury: evidence from Denmark
Journal name European Transport Research Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1866-8887
Publication date 2014-03-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s12544-013-0107-z
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 6
Issue 1
Start page 17
End page 30
Total pages 14
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose Bus safety is a concern not only in developing countries, but also in the U.S. and Europe. In Denmark, disentangling risk factors that are positively or negatively related to bus accident severity and injury occurrence to bus passengers can contribute to promote safety as an essential principle of sustainable transit and advance the vision “every accident is one too many”.
Methods Bus accident data were retrieved from the national accident database for the period 2002–2011. A generalized ordered logit model allows analyzing bus accident severity and a logistic regression enables examining occurrence of injury to bus passengers.
Results Bus accident severity is positively related to (i) the involvement of vulnerable road users, (ii) high speed limits, (iii) night hours, (iv) elderly drivers of the third party involved, and (v) bus drivers and other drivers crossing in yellow or red light. Occurrence of injury to bus passengers is positively related to (i) the involvement of heavy vehicles, (ii) crossing intersections in yellow or red light, (iii) open areas, (iv) high speed limits, and (v) slippery road surface.
Conclusions The findings of the current study provide a comprehensive picture of the bus safety situation in Denmark and suggest the necessity of further research into bus drivers’ attitudes and perceptions of risks and road users’ perceptions of bus operations. Moreover, these findings suggest the need for further training into bus drivers’ hazard recognition skills and infrastructural solutions to forgive possible driving errors.
Keyword Bus safety
Bus passenger safety
Injury severity
Generalized ordered logit
Logistic regression
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Thu, 14 Apr 2016, 18:56:48 EST by Anthony Yeates on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)