Association of parental body mass index before pregnancy on infant growth and body composition: evidence from a pregnancy cohort study in Malaysia

Zalbahar, Nurzalinda, Jan Mohamed, Hamid Jan B. J, Ling, Loy See, Najman, Jake, McIntyre, Harold David and Mamun, Abdullah (2015) Association of parental body mass index before pregnancy on infant growth and body composition: evidence from a pregnancy cohort study in Malaysia. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, 10 S35-S47. doi:10.1016/j.orcp.2015.08.002


Author Zalbahar, Nurzalinda
Jan Mohamed, Hamid Jan B. J
Ling, Loy See
Najman, Jake
McIntyre, Harold David
Mamun, Abdullah
Title Association of parental body mass index before pregnancy on infant growth and body composition: evidence from a pregnancy cohort study in Malaysia
Journal name Obesity Research and Clinical Practice   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1871-403X
1878-0318
Publication date 2015-08-25
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.orcp.2015.08.002
Open Access Status
Volume 10
Start page S35
End page S47
Total pages 13
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background and objectives: Parental body mass index (BMI) is strongly linked with the development of offspring overweight and obesity. However, there are a limited number of studies focusing on the association of parental body mass index before pregnancy on offspring growth and body composition in early life, particularly in developing countries.

Methods: Data from the University Sains Malaysia (USM) Pregnancy Cohort which consists of 153 mother-offspring pairs were used. Data were collected using interview-administered questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were also obtained. Multiple linear regression and generalised equation estimation (GEE) were used to examine the direction and impact of the association between parental BMI and child growth and body composition (weight for age, height for age, body mass index for age, weight for height and fat mass at age 2. m, 6. m, and 12. m). Potential confounders, including validated measures of maternal diets and physical activity during pregnancy, were considered.

Results: Of 153 parents, one-quarter of the mothers and 42.2% of the fathers, respectively, were overweight or obese before pregnancy. A significant association was found between maternal BMI and child's weight for height z-score (WHZ) and body mass index for age z-score (BAZ).

Conclusions: Having high pre-pregnancy BMI may increase BMI and WAZ of offspring in early life. Findings from this study emphasise the importance of monitoring maternal weight status, particularly before and during pregnancy and early life of offspring among Malaysians.
Keyword Parental BMI
Infant growth
Infant body composition
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Thu, 24 Mar 2016, 22:34:00 EST by Julia McCabe on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)