Parents who supply sips of alcohol in early adolescence: a prospective study of risk factors

Wadolowski, Monika, Hutchinson, Delyse, Bruno, Raimondo, Aiken, Alexandra, Najman, Jackob M., Kypri, Kypros, Slade, Tim, McBride, Nyanda and Mattick, Richard P. (2016) Parents who supply sips of alcohol in early adolescence: a prospective study of risk factors. Pediatrics, 137 3: 1-8. doi:10.1542/peds.2015-2611


Author Wadolowski, Monika
Hutchinson, Delyse
Bruno, Raimondo
Aiken, Alexandra
Najman, Jackob M.
Kypri, Kypros
Slade, Tim
McBride, Nyanda
Mattick, Richard P.
Title Parents who supply sips of alcohol in early adolescence: a prospective study of risk factors
Journal name Pediatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1098-4275
0031-4005
Publication date 2016-03-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1542/peds.2015-2611
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 137
Issue 3
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Place of publication Elk Grove Village, IL United States
Publisher American Academy of Pediatrics
Language eng
Subject 2735 Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Abstract BACKGROUND: Parents are a major supplier of alcohol to adolescents, often initiating use with sips. Despite harms of adolescent alcohol use, research has not addressed the antecedents of such parental supply. This study investigated the prospective associations between familial, parental, peer, and adolescent characteristics on parental supply of sips. METHODS: Participants were 1729 parent-child dyads recruited from Grade 7 classes, as part of the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study. Data are from baseline surveys (Time 1) and 1-year follow-up (Time 2). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regressions tested prospective associations between Time 1 familial, parental, peer, and adolescent characteristics and Time 2 parental supply. RESULTS: In the fully adjusted model, parental supply was associated with increased parentreport of peer substance use (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20, 95% confidence ratio [CI], 1.08-1.34), increased home alcohol access (OR = 1.07, 95% CI, 1.03-1.11), and lenient alcohol-specific rules (OR=0.88, 95% CI, 0.78-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Parents who perceived that their child engaged with substance-using peers were more likely to subsequently supply sips of alcohol. Parents may believe supply of a small quantity of alcohol will protect their child from unsupervised alcohol use with peers. It is also possible that parental perception of peer substance use may result in parents believing that this is a normative behavior for their child's age group, and in turn that supply is also normative. Further research is required to understand the impacts of such supply, even in small quantities, on adolescent alcohol use trajectories.
Formatted abstract
BACKGROUND: Parents are a major supplier of alcohol to adolescents, often initiating use with sips. Despite harms of adolescent alcohol use, research has not addressed the antecedents of such parental supply. This study investigated the prospective associations between familial, parental, peer, and adolescent characteristics on parental supply of sips.

METHODS: Participants were 1729 parent–child dyads recruited from Grade 7 classes, as part of the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study. Data are from baseline surveys (Time 1) and 1-year follow-up (Time 2). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regressions tested prospective associations between Time 1 familial, parental, peer, and adolescent characteristics and Time 2 parental supply.

RESULTS: In the fully adjusted model, parental supply was associated with increased parent-report of peer substance use (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20, 95% confidence ratio [CI], 1.08–1.34), increased home alcohol access (OR = 1.07, 95% CI, 1.03–1.11), and lenient alcohol-specific rules (OR=0.88, 95% CI, 0.78–0.99).

CONCLUSIONS: Parents who perceived that their child engaged with substance-using peers were more likely to subsequently supply sips of alcohol. Parents may believe supply of a small quantity of alcohol will protect their child from unsupervised alcohol use with peers. It is also possible that parental perception of peer substance use may result in parents believing that this is a normative behavior for their child’s age group, and in turn that supply is also normative. Further research is required to understand the impacts of such supply, even in small quantities, on adolescent alcohol use trajectories.
Keyword Problem Drinking
Underage
Peers
Consumption
Mechanisms
Childhood
Behavior
Children
Burden
Health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID DP:1096668
APP1045318
GNT1009381
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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