Why young people's substance use matters for global health

Hall, Wayne D., Patton, George, Stockings, Emily, Weier, Megan, Lynske, Michael, Morley, Katherine I. and Degenhardt, Louisa (2016) Why young people's substance use matters for global health. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3 3: 265-279. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(16)00013-4


Author Hall, Wayne D.
Patton, George
Stockings, Emily
Weier, Megan
Lynske, Michael
Morley, Katherine I.
Degenhardt, Louisa
Title Why young people's substance use matters for global health
Journal name The Lancet Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2215-0374
2215-0366
Publication date 2016-03-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)00013-4
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 3
Issue 3
Start page 265
End page 279
Total pages 15
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher The Lancet Publishing Group
Language eng
Formatted abstract
During puberty, when young people are completing their education, transitioning into employment, and forming longer-term intimate relationships, a shift in emotional regulation and an increase in risky behaviour, including substance use, is seen. This Series paper considers the potential effects of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use during this period on: social, psychological, and health outcomes in adolescence and young adulthood; role transitions, and later health and social outcomes of regular substance use initiated in adolescence; and the offspring of young people who use substances. We sourced consistent support for causal relations between substance use and outcomes and evidence of biological plausibility from different but complementary research designs. Many adverse health and social outcomes have been associated with different types of substance use. The major challenge lies in deciding which are causal. Furthermore, qualitatively different harms are associated with different substances, differences in life stage when these harms occur, and the quality of evidence for different substances and health outcomes varies substantially. The preponderance of evidence comes from a few high-income countries, thus whether the same social and health outcomes would occur in other countries and cultures is unclear. Nonetheless, the number of harms that are causally related to substance use in young people warrant high-quality research design interventions to prevent or ameliorate these harms.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research Publications
 
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