Association of maternal weight gain in pregnancy with offspring obesity and metabolic and vascular traits in childhood

Fraser, Abigail, Tilling, Kate, Macdonald-Wallis, Corrie, Sattar, Naveed, Brion, Marie-Jo, Benfield, Li, Ness, Andy, Deanfield, John, Hingorani, Aroon, Nelson, Scott M., Smith, George Davey and Lawlor, Debbie A. (2010) Association of maternal weight gain in pregnancy with offspring obesity and metabolic and vascular traits in childhood. Circulation, 121 23: 2557-2564. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.906081

Author Fraser, Abigail
Tilling, Kate
Macdonald-Wallis, Corrie
Sattar, Naveed
Brion, Marie-Jo
Benfield, Li
Ness, Andy
Deanfield, John
Hingorani, Aroon
Nelson, Scott M.
Smith, George Davey
Lawlor, Debbie A.
Title Association of maternal weight gain in pregnancy with offspring obesity and metabolic and vascular traits in childhood
Journal name Circulation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0009-7322
Publication date 2010-06-15
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.906081
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 121
Issue 23
Start page 2557
End page 2564
Total pages 8
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background— We sought to examine the association of gestational weight gain (GWG) and prepregnancy weight with offspring adiposity and cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods and Results— Data from 5154 (for adiposity and blood pressure) and 3457 (for blood assays) mother-offspring pairs from a UK prospective pregnancy cohort were used. Random-effects multilevel models were used to assess incremental GWG (median and range of repeat weight measures per woman: 10 [1, 17]). Women who exceeded the 2009 Institute of Medicine–recommended GWG were more likely to have offspring with greater body mass index, waist, fat mass, leptin, systolic blood pressure, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6 levels and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A1 levels. Children of women who gained less than the recommended amounts had lower levels of adiposity, but other cardiovascular risk factors tended to be similar in this group to those of offspring of women gaining recommended amounts. When examined in more detail, greater prepregnancy weight was associated with greater offspring adiposity and more adverse cardiovascular risk factors at age 9 years. GWG in early pregnancy (0 to 14 weeks) was positively associated with offspring adiposity across the entire distribution but strengthened in women gaining >500 g/wk. By contrast, between 14 and 36 weeks, GWG was only associated with offspring adiposity in women gaining >500 g/wk. GWG between 14 and 36 weeks was positively and linearly associated with adverse lipid and inflammatory profiles, with these associations largely mediated by the associations with offspring adiposity.

Conclusions— Greater maternal prepregnancy weight and GWG up to 36 weeks of gestation are associated with greater offspring adiposity and adverse cardiovascular risk factors. Before any GWG recommendations are implemented, the balance of risks and benefits of attempts to control GWG for short- and long-term outcomes in mother and child should be ascertained.
Keyword Blood pressure
Gestational weight gain
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID R01 DK077659
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Biological Sciences Publications
Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
UQ Diamantina Institute Publications
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