The association between smoke alarm presence and injury and death rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Rohde, David, Corcoran, Jonathan, Sydes, Michelle and Higginson, Angela (2016) The association between smoke alarm presence and injury and death rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fire Safety Journal, 81 58-63. doi:doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2016.01.008


Author Rohde, David
Corcoran, Jonathan
Sydes, Michelle
Higginson, Angela
Title The association between smoke alarm presence and injury and death rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal name Fire Safety Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0379-7112
1873-7226
Publication date 2016-04-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2016.01.008
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 81
Start page 58
End page 63
Total pages 6
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract Mounting evidence suggests that smoke alarms play a key role in reducing the number of deaths and injuries associated with household fires each year. This study brings together the current literature on smoke alarm effectiveness. In particular, we are interested in determining whether or not smoke alarms decrease death and injury rates and if so, to what extent. A systematic search of the literature uncovered 13 studies concerned with examining the link between smoke alarm presence and death and/or injury rates. Following further screening, 4 studies were found to meet the inclusion criteria for the death meta-analysis and 3 studies were deemed suitable for the injury meta-analysis. Overall we found the death rate in households with working smoke alarms to be half the death rate of households without working smoke alarms. In contrast, our injury meta-analysis uncovered no significant link between smoke alarm presence and injury rates. We critically discuss these findings and highlight areas for future investigation.
Keyword Smoke alarm
Fire detector
Fire alarm
Fire-related deaths
Fire-related injuries
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 23 Feb 2016, 01:25:01 EST by Genna Apted on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management