Ecology and behavior of first instar larval Lepidoptera

Zalucki, Myron P., Clarke, Anthony R. and Malcolm, ­ Stephen B. (2002) Ecology and behavior of first instar larval Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 47 361-393. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.47.091201.145220

Author Zalucki, Myron P.
Clarke, Anthony R.
Malcolm, ­ Stephen B.
Title Ecology and behavior of first instar larval Lepidoptera
Journal name Annual Review of Entomology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0066-4170
ISBN 0-8243-0147-1
Publication date 2002-01-01
Year available 2002
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1146/annurev.ento.47.091201.145220
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 47
Start page 361
End page 393
Total pages 3
Place of publication Palo Alto
Publisher Annual Reviews
Language eng
Subject 06 Biological Sciences
Abstract Neonate Lepidoptera are confronted with the daunting task of establishing themselves on a food plant. The factors relevant to this process need to be considered at spatial and temporal scales relevant to the larva and not the investigator. Neonates have to cope with an array of plant surface characters as well as internal characters once the integument is ruptured. These characters, as well as microclimatic conditions, vary within and between plant modules and interact with larval feeding requirements, strongly affecting movement behavior, which may be extensive even for such small organisms. In addition to these factors, there is an array of predators, pathogens, and parasitoids with which first instars must contend. Not surprisingly, mortality in neonates is high but can vary widely. Experimental and manipulative studies, as well as detailed observations of the animal, are vital if the subtle interaction of factors responsible for this high and variable mortality are to be understood. These studies are essential for an understanding of theories linking female oviposition behavior with larval survival, plant defense theory, and population dynamics, as well as modern crop resistance breeding programs.
Keyword Entomology
Host Plant
Natural Enemies
Chemical Defenses
Fall Armyworm Lepidoptera
Gypsy-moth Lepidoptera
Partellus Swinhoe Lepidoptera
Epiphyas-postvittana Lepidoptera
Heliothis-virescens Lepidoptera
Corn-borer Lepidoptera
Vein-cutting Behavior
Newly Hatched Larvae
Lymantria-dispar L
Jack Pine Budworm
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes This document is a journal review.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 275 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 287 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2007, 22:46:24 EST