Bolder science needed now for protected areas

Watson, James E. M., Darling, Emily S., Venter, Oscar, Maron, Martine, Walston, Joe, Possingham, Hugh P., Dudley, Nigel, Hockings, Marc, Barnes, Megan and Brooks, Thomas M. (2016) Bolder science needed now for protected areas. Conservation Biology, 30 2: 243-248. doi:10.1111/cobi.12645

Author Watson, James E. M.
Darling, Emily S.
Venter, Oscar
Maron, Martine
Walston, Joe
Possingham, Hugh P.
Dudley, Nigel
Hockings, Marc
Barnes, Megan
Brooks, Thomas M.
Title Bolder science needed now for protected areas
Journal name Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1523-1739
Publication date 2016-01-14
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12645
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 30
Issue 2
Start page 243
End page 248
Total pages 6
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Recognizing that protected areas (PAs) are essential for effective biodiversity conservation action, the Convention on Biological Diversity established ambitious PA targets as part of the 2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. Under the strategic goal to “improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species, and genetic diversity,” Target 11 aims to put 17% of terrestrial and 10% of marine regions under PA status by 2020. Additionally and crucially, these areas are required to be of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative, and well-connected and to include “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs). Whereas the area-based targets are explicit and measurable, the lack of guidance for what constitutes important and representative; effective; and OECMs is affecting how nations are implementing the target. There is a real risk that Target 11 may be achieved in terms of area while failing the overall strategic goal for which it is established because the areas are poorly located, inadequately managed, or based on unjustifiable inclusion of OECMs. We argue that the conservation science community can help establish ecologically sensible PA targets to help prioritize important biodiversity areas and achieve ecological representation; identify clear, comparable performance metrics of ecological effectiveness so progress toward these targets can be assessed; and identify metrics and report on the contribution OECMs make toward the target. By providing ecologically sensible targets and new performance metrics for measuring the effectiveness of both PAs and OECMs, the science community can actively ensure that the achievement of the required area in Target 11 is not simply an end in itself but generates genuine benefits for biodiversity.
Keyword Aichi Target 11
Environmental policy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Early online view of article

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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School of Biological Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 13 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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