Effects of a brief mindfulness-based intervention program on psychological symptoms and well-being among medical students in Malaysia: a controlled study

Keng, Shian-Ling, Phang, Cheng Kar and Oei, Tian Po (2015) Effects of a brief mindfulness-based intervention program on psychological symptoms and well-being among medical students in Malaysia: a controlled study. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 8 4: 335-350. doi:10.1521/ijct.2015.8.4.335


Author Keng, Shian-Ling
Phang, Cheng Kar
Oei, Tian Po
Title Effects of a brief mindfulness-based intervention program on psychological symptoms and well-being among medical students in Malaysia: a controlled study
Journal name International Journal of Cognitive Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1937-1209
1937-1217
Publication date 2015-12-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1521/ijct.2015.8.4.335
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 8
Issue 4
Start page 335
End page 350
Total pages 16
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Guilford Publications
Language eng
Abstract Medical students often experience heightened psychological distress that may undermine their training experience. This study evaluated the effects of a 4-week mindfulness-based intervention program on psychological health among medical students and whether the effects were mediated by changes in mindfulness. The study also examined whether trait mindfulness moderated the effectiveness of the intervention. One hundred thirty-nine medical students participated in the study. They completed measures of mindfulness and psychological symptoms at pre- and post-intervention. Analysis showed that the intervention group reported significantly greater improvements in depressive symptoms, anxiety, general psychiatric symptoms, perceived stress, subjective happiness, and satisfaction with life compared to the control group. Low trait mindfulness at baseline predicted greater improvements on depressive and anxiety symptoms. Changes in mindfulness mediated several outcomes. The findings show that a brief mindfulness-based intervention program is efficacious in reducing psychological symptoms among medical students. Mindfulness may be a key mechanism of change of the intervention.
Keyword Mechanisms of psychotherapy
Medical students
Mindfulness
Mindfulness-based interventions
Psychological distress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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