Influence of Thermal Processing on the Formation of Trans Fats in Various Edible Oils

Shabbir, M.A., Dilber, A., Raza, A., Suleria, H.A.R., Saeed, M. and Sultan, S. (2015) Influence of Thermal Processing on the Formation of Trans Fats in Various Edible Oils. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 39 6: 1475-1484. doi:10.1111/jfpp.12367


Author Shabbir, M.A.
Dilber, A.
Raza, A.
Suleria, H.A.R.
Saeed, M.
Sultan, S.
Title Influence of Thermal Processing on the Formation of Trans Fats in Various Edible Oils
Journal name Journal of Food Processing and Preservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1745-4549
Publication date 2015-12-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jfpp.12367
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 39
Issue 6
Start page 1475
End page 1484
Total pages 10
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 1106 Food Science
1600 Chemistry
1500 Chemical Engineering
Abstract Trans fats are popular owing to their low cost and potential to increase the shelf life of processed foods but also associated with various risk factors. The present study is focused on the impact of oil processing, like frying, on the formation of trans fats in commercially available edible oils. Scanning electron microscopy was carried out to observe the structural changes in the frying material. The physicochemical analysis of processed edible oils was carried out, while the formation of trans-fatty acid (TFA; elaidic acid) during processing was measured by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Furthermore, levels of TFA, i.e., elaidic acid, were found higher in oil samples with potatoes than the oil samples without potatoes. It is proposed that trans fat content could be reduced by using the high-quality frying medium as well as avoiding the repeated frying in order to improve the quality and nutritional value of the diet and avert risk factors. Practical Applications: Trans fats are popular owing to its low cost and potential to increase the shelf life of processed products and contribute suitable features to the food. Presently, trans fat intake is considered as a peril factor for cardiac heart diseases, diabetes, cancer and other allied disparities. The present study is focused on the impact of oil processing, like frying, on the formation of trans fats in commercially available edible oils. It aims at quantification of trans fats in oils during frying as well as evaluation of the quality attributes of fried edible oils. Structural changes in the tissues of fried material were also observed through electron microscopy. The results obtained showed that parameters like free fatty acid level, specific gravity, peroxide value, saponification value and iodine value were significantly different depending upon the processing conditions. The formation of TFA (elaidic acid) during processing measured by GC coupled with FID and its higher proportion was observed in the oil samples with potatoes than in the oil samples without potatoes. So it is suggested that trans fat should be minimized in daily diet to improve the quality and nutritional value of edible oils.
Formatted abstract
Trans fats are popular owing to their low cost and potential to increase the shelf life of processed foods but also associated with various risk factors. The present study is focused on the impact of oil processing, like frying, on the formation of trans fats in commercially available edible oils. Scanning electron microscopy was carried out to observe the structural changes in the frying material. The physicochemical analysis of processed edible oils was carried out, while the formation of trans-fatty acid (TFA; elaidic acid) during processing was measured by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Furthermore, levels of TFA, i.e., elaidic acid, were found higher in oil samples with potatoes than the oil samples without potatoes. It is proposed that trans fat content could be reduced by using the high-quality frying medium as well as avoiding the repeated frying in order to improve the quality and nutritional value of the diet and avert risk factors.

Practical Applications
Trans fats are popular owing to its low cost and potential to increase the shelf life of processed products and contribute suitable features to the food. Presently, trans fat intake is considered as a peril factor for cardiac heart diseases, diabetes, cancer and other allied disparities. The present study is focused on the impact of oil processing, like frying, on the formation of trans fats in commercially available edible oils. It aims at quantification of trans fats in oils during frying as well as evaluation of the quality attributes of fried edible oils. Structural changes in the tissues of fried material were also observed through electron microscopy. The results obtained showed that parameters like free fatty acid level, specific gravity, peroxide value, saponification value and iodine value were significantly different depending upon the processing conditions. The formation of TFA (elaidic acid) during processing measured by GC coupled with FID and its higher proportion was observed in the oil samples with potatoes than in the oil samples without potatoes. So it is suggested that trans fat should be minimized in daily diet to improve the quality and nutritional value of edible oils.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 19 Jan 2016, 10:50:50 EST by System User on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)