Utilisation and exploitation

Finch, Neil and Gibson, Justine (2015). Utilisation and exploitation. In Athol Klieve, Lindsay Hogan, Stephen Johnston and Peter Murray (Ed.), Marsupials and monotremes: nature's enigmatic mammals (pp. 379-395) New York, NY, United States: Nova Science.

Author Finch, Neil
Gibson, Justine
Title of chapter Utilisation and exploitation
Title of book Marsupials and monotremes: nature's enigmatic mammals
Place of Publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Nova Science
Publication Year 2015
Sub-type Chapter in textbook
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Series Animal Science, Issues and Research
ISBN 9781634829731
Editor Athol Klieve
Lindsay Hogan
Stephen Johnston
Peter Murray
Chapter number 10
Start page 379
End page 395
Total pages 17
Total chapters 11
Language eng
Subjects 1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
3400 Veterinary
Abstract/Summary Marsupials provided food and skins to humans long before colonial settlement. Early settlers utilised macropods and other marsupials as a supplement to domestic stock. An increase in some wildlife species during the 1800's combined with a growing population of rural workers created an environment where large volumes of skins could be sourced to supply an export market. Possums were introduced into New Zealand around the same time to establish a fur industry. Exploitation of koalas ceased in most states around 1900 with the last regulated harvest in Queensland in 1927. Wild harvesting of skins and furs was an important employment option for many rural workers and valuable export industry for many years. Possums were harvested on mainland Australia until the 1960s and are still harvested in Tasmania where they are considered a pest of agriculture and forestry. Brush tail possums are considered the most significant vertebrate pest in New Zealand today. Although a commercial harvest takes around 2 million per year most possum control is with poisons. Macropods still provide the basis of a commercial and non-commercial harvest in most Australian states. The commercial harvest is well regulated and managed for sustainable use. Marsupials are a very successful group of mammals that have evolved with breeding strategies that can produce an abundance of offspring under ideal conditions. The ability of some species to grow in population size under favourable conditions has created many situations where they are significant agricultural and or environmental pests.
Keyword Macropods
Commercial harvest
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Fri, 15 Jan 2016, 18:05:15 EST by Ms Justine Gibson on behalf of School of Veterinary Science