The 'Great Southern Reef': Social, ecological and economic value of Australia's neglected kelp forests

Bennett, Scott, Wernberg, Thomas, Connell, Sean D., Hobday, Alistair J., Johnson, Craig R. and Poloczanska, Elvira S. (2016) The 'Great Southern Reef': Social, ecological and economic value of Australia's neglected kelp forests. Marine And Freshwater Research, 67 1: 47-56. doi:10.1071/MF15232


Author Bennett, Scott
Wernberg, Thomas
Connell, Sean D.
Hobday, Alistair J.
Johnson, Craig R.
Poloczanska, Elvira S.
Title The 'Great Southern Reef': Social, ecological and economic value of Australia's neglected kelp forests
Journal name Marine And Freshwater Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1323-1650
1448-6059
Publication date 2016-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/MF15232
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 67
Issue 1
Start page 47
End page 56
Total pages 10
Place of publication Clayton, VIC Australia
Publisher C S I R O Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Kelp forests define .8000 km of temperate coastline across southern Australia, where ,70% of Australians
live, work and recreate. Despite this, public and political awareness of the scale and significance of this marine ecosystem
is low, and research investment miniscule (,10%), relative to comparable ecosystems. The absence of an identity for
Australia’s temperate reefs as an entity has probably contributed to the current lack of appreciation of this system, which is
at odds with its profound ecological, social and economic importance. We define the ‘Great Southern Reef’ (GSR) as
Australia’s spatially connected temperate reef system. The GSR covers ,71 000 km2 and represents a global biodiversity
hotspot across at least nine phyla. GSR-related fishing and tourism generates at least AU$10 billion year1, and in this context the GSR is a significant natural asset for Australia and globally. Maintaining the health and ecological functioning of the GSR is critical to the continued sustainability of human livelihoods and wellbeing derived from it. By recognising the GSR as an entity we seek to boost awareness, and take steps towards negotiating the difficult challenges the GSR faces in a future of unprecedented coastal population growth and global change.
Keyword ecosystem services
ecosystem values
temperate reef
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Global Change Institute Publications
Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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