Two roles for ecological surrogacy: indicator surrogates and management surrogates

Hunter, Malcolm Jr., Westgate, Martin, Barton, Philip, Calhoun, Aram, Pierson, Jennifer, Tulloch, Ayesha, Beger, Maria, Branquinho, Cristina, Caro, Tim, Gross, John, Heino, Jani, Lane, Peter, Longo, Catherine, Martin, Kathy, McDowell, William H., Mellin, Camille, Salo, Hanna and Lindenmayer, David (2016) Two roles for ecological surrogacy: indicator surrogates and management surrogates. Ecological Indicators, 63 121-125. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.049

Author Hunter, Malcolm Jr.
Westgate, Martin
Barton, Philip
Calhoun, Aram
Pierson, Jennifer
Tulloch, Ayesha
Beger, Maria
Branquinho, Cristina
Caro, Tim
Gross, John
Heino, Jani
Lane, Peter
Longo, Catherine
Martin, Kathy
McDowell, William H.
Mellin, Camille
Salo, Hanna
Lindenmayer, David
Title Two roles for ecological surrogacy: indicator surrogates and management surrogates
Journal name Ecological Indicators   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1470-160X
Publication date 2016-04-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.049
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 63
Start page 121
End page 125
Total pages 5
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 1800 Decision Sciences
1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
2303 Ecology
Abstract Ecological surrogacy – here defined as using a process or element (e.g., species, ecosystem, or abiotic factor) to represent another aspect of an ecological system – is a widely used concept, but many applications of the surrogate concept have been controversial. We argue that some of this controversy reflects differences among users with different goals, a distinction that can be crystalized by recognizing two basic types of surrogate. First, many ecologists and natural resource managers measure “indicator surrogates” to provide information about ecological systems. Second, and often overlooked, are “management surrogates” (e.g., umbrella species) that are primarily used to facilitate achieving management goals, especially broad goals such as “maintain biodiversity” or “increase ecosystem resilience.” We propose that distinguishing these two overarching roles for surrogacy may facilitate better communication about project goals. This is critical when evaluating the usefulness of different surrogates, especially where a potential surrogate might be useful in one role but not another. Our classification for ecological surrogacy applies to species, ecosystems, ecological processes, abiotic factors, and genetics, and thus can provide coherence across a broad range of uses.
Keyword Coarse-filter
Environmental management
Environmental proxy
Flagship species
Focal species
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 12 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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