Effectiveness of Exergaming Training in Reducing Risk and Incidence of Falls in Frail Older Adults with a History of Falls

Fu, Amy S., Gao, Kelly L., Tung, Arthur K., Tsang, William W. and Kwan, Marcella M. (2015) Effectiveness of Exergaming Training in Reducing Risk and Incidence of Falls in Frail Older Adults with a History of Falls. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96 12: 2096-2102. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2015.08.427

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Author Fu, Amy S.
Gao, Kelly L.
Tung, Arthur K.
Tsang, William W.
Kwan, Marcella M.
Title Effectiveness of Exergaming Training in Reducing Risk and Incidence of Falls in Frail Older Adults with a History of Falls
Journal name Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-821X
0003-9993
Publication date 2015-12-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.08.427
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 96
Issue 12
Start page 2096
End page 2102
Total pages 7
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher W.B. Saunders
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To use Nintendo's Wii Fit balance board to determine the effectiveness of exergaming training in reducing risk and incidence of falls in older adults with a history of falls.

Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Nursing home for older adults.

Participants: Adults aged 65 years and older (N=60).

Interventions: Participants who lived in a nursing home had 6 weeks of balance training with either Wii Fit equipment or conventional exercise.

Main Outcome Measures: Physiological Profile Assessment scores and incidence of falls were observed with subsequent intention-to-treat statistical analyses.

Results: 
Physiological Profile Assessment scores and incidence of falls improved significantly in both groups after the intervention (all P<.01), but participants in the Wii Fit training group showed a significantly greater improvement in both outcome measures (P=.004 and P<.001, respectively).

Conclusions: In institutionalized older adults with a history of falls, Wii Fit balance training was more effective than conventional balance training in reducing the risk and incidence of falls.
Keyword Accidental falls
Aged
Postural balance
Rehabilitation
Virtual reality exposure therapy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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