Impact of resistance training on sarcopenia in nursing care facilities: a pilot study

Hassan, Bothaina H., Hewitt, Jennifer, Keogh, Justin W. L., Bermeo, Sandra, Duque, Gustavo and Henwood, Tim R. (2015) Impact of resistance training on sarcopenia in nursing care facilities: a pilot study. Geriatric Nursing, 37 2: 116-121. doi:10.1016/j.gerinurse.2015.11.001

Author Hassan, Bothaina H.
Hewitt, Jennifer
Keogh, Justin W. L.
Bermeo, Sandra
Duque, Gustavo
Henwood, Tim R.
Title Impact of resistance training on sarcopenia in nursing care facilities: a pilot study
Journal name Geriatric Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1528-3984
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2015.11.001
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 37
Issue 2
Start page 116
End page 121
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA United States
Publisher Mosby
Language eng
Subject 2909 Gerontology
Abstract The impact of progressive resistance training on sarcopenia among very old institutionalized adults was investigated. Residents of Nursing Care Facilities were included in a controlled trial of twice weekly resistance and balance exercise program for six months (Age: 85.9 ± 7.5 years, Time in care: 707.1 ± 707.5 days, N = 21 per group). Sarcopenia was measured based on the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria. Of the recruited 42 participants, 35.7% had sarcopenia at baseline, with prevalence increasing in the control group post-intervention (42.9%–52.4%). Following training, the exercise group experienced a significant increase in grip strength when compared to controls (p = .02), and a within-group decrease in body mass index and increase in grip strength (p ≤ .007). Resistance and balance exercise has positive benefits for older adults residing in a nursing care facilities which may transfer to reduce disability and sarcopenia transition, but more work is needed to ensure improved program uptake among residents.
Keyword Resistance training
Muscle strength
Nursing care
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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