Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning

Gurney, Georgina G., Pressey, Robert L., Ban, Natalie C., Alvarez-Romero, Jorge G., Jupiter, Stacy and Adams, Vanessa M. (2015) Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning. Conservation Biology, 29 5: 1378-1389. doi:10.1111/cobi.12514


Author Gurney, Georgina G.
Pressey, Robert L.
Ban, Natalie C.
Alvarez-Romero, Jorge G.
Jupiter, Stacy
Adams, Vanessa M.
Title Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning
Journal name Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1523-1739
0888-8892
Publication date 2015-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12514
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 29
Issue 5
Start page 1378
End page 1389
Total pages 12
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract The efficacy of protected areas varies, partly because socioeconomic factors are not sufficiently considered in planning and management. Although integrating socioeconomic factors into systematic conservation planning is increasingly advocated, research is needed to progress from recognition of these factors to incorporating them effectively in spatial prioritization of protected areas. We evaluated 2 key aspects of incorporating socioeconomic factors into spatial prioritization: treatment of socioeconomic factors as costs or objectives and treatment of stakeholders as a single group or multiple groups. Using as a case study the design of a system of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kubulau, Fiji, we assessed how these aspects affected the configuration of no-take MPAs in terms of trade-offs between biodiversity objectives, fisheries objectives, and equity in catch losses among fisher stakeholder groups. The achievement of fisheries objectives and equity tended to trade-off concavely with increasing biodiversity objectives, indicating that it is possible to achieve low to mid-range biodiversity objectives with relatively small losses to fisheries and equity. Importantly, the extent of trade-offs depended on the method used to incorporate socioeconomic data and was least severe when objectives were set for each fisher stakeholder group explicitly. We found that using different methods to incorporate socioeconomic factors that require similar data and expertise can result in plans with very different impacts on local stakeholders.
Keyword Fisheries
Marine protected area
Marine reserve design
Marine spatial planning
MPA
Opportunity costs
Social equity
Systematic conservation planning
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 11 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sat, 19 Dec 2015, 05:30:52 EST by System User on behalf of Scholarly Communication and Digitisation Service