Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) utilizing water buffalo dung on the Black Sea coast of Turkey

Sullivan, Gregory Thomas, Ozman-Sullivan, Sebahat K., Lumaret, Jean-Pierre, Baxter, Greg, Zalucki, Myron Philip and Zeybekoğlu, Ünal (2016) Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) utilizing water buffalo dung on the Black Sea coast of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 40 1: 80-86. doi:10.3906/zoo-1412-2

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Author Sullivan, Gregory Thomas
Ozman-Sullivan, Sebahat K.
Lumaret, Jean-Pierre
Baxter, Greg
Zalucki, Myron Philip
Zeybekoğlu, Ünal
Title Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) utilizing water buffalo dung on the Black Sea coast of Turkey
Journal name Turkish Journal of Zoology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1300-0179
Publication date 2016-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3906/zoo-1412-2
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 40
Issue 1
Start page 80
End page 86
Total pages 7
Place of publication Ankara, Turkey
Publisher Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey - TUBITAK / Turkiye Bilimsel ve Teknik Arastirma Kurumu
Language eng
Formatted abstract
There have been few ecological studies of dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) from the Black Sea Region of Turkey. In the RAMSAR-listed wetland system of the Kızılırmak Delta of Turkey’s central Black Sea coast, seasonal grazing by domesticated water buffalo produces plentiful dung from April to November. Twenty-three species of dung beetles from 13 genera of Aphodiinae and 4 genera of Scarabaeinae were collected from their dung on two adjacent soil types in 2013. The species were from three functional groups, namely dung dwelling (12), tunneling (10), and ball rolling (1). Thirteen and fourteen species were collected in spring/summer and autumn, respectively, with only 4 species in common. There was a distinct shift from Scarabaeinae (8 of 13 species) in spring/summer to Aphodiinae (10 of 14 species) in autumn. The ten species collected on the sandy clay loam soil were a subset of the 23 species on the sand dunes. On the sandy clay loam, high water tables in winter and soil cracking in summer may exclude deeper tunneling species. The 3:1 ratio of dung dwelling species on the sand compared to the sandy clay loam may suggest a more appropriate dung moisture regime over time that favors successful breeding on the sand.
Keyword Kızılırmak Delta
Interspecies competition
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Sat, 19 Dec 2015, 01:38:13 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences