Environmental life cycle assessments of emerging anode materials for Li-ion batteries-metal oxide NPs

Padashbarmchi, Zahra, Hamidian, Amir Hossein, Khorasani, Nematolah, Kazemzad, Mahmood, McCabe, Annie and Halog, Anthony (2015) Environmental life cycle assessments of emerging anode materials for Li-ion batteries-metal oxide NPs. Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, 34 6: 1740-1747. doi:10.1002/ep.12148

Author Padashbarmchi, Zahra
Hamidian, Amir Hossein
Khorasani, Nematolah
Kazemzad, Mahmood
McCabe, Annie
Halog, Anthony
Title Environmental life cycle assessments of emerging anode materials for Li-ion batteries-metal oxide NPs
Journal name Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1944-7450
Publication date 2015-11-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/ep.12148
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 34
Issue 6
Start page 1740
End page 1747
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Lithium ion batteries are widely used to meet ever-growing energy demands. They are also considered as energy storage devices to decrease the concerns about limited energy sources and associated environmental issues by displacing a large fraction of gasoline use in HEV and PHEV. Due to these concerns, intensive research on alternative energy conversion and storage systems with high efficiency, low cost, and environmental benignity has been stimulated worldwide. Recently, nanostructured 3d-metal oxides MOx (M = Cu, Fe, Co, etc.) have been widely studied as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) owing to their high energy capacity. Electrodes synthesized by Fe, Co, or Cu have more lithium-ion storage capacity (over 600 mAh/g) compared to the commercial electrodes synthesized by graphite (about 372 mAh/g). The life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is utilized in order to identify environmental hotspots and aid in directing design towards regenerative and environmentally sustainable product design and process development. The main aim of this study is to investigate environmental effects of different lithium-ion batteries with different metal oxides as anode active material. The life cycle assessment results showed that metal oxides like Iron oxide can be a promising anode material due to their much higher energy density. In the production phase, the most important stage is production of NMP (N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, an organic solvent in electrode preparation), for batteries with graphite and anode active material production for batteries with copper oxides.
Keyword Lithium-ion batteries
Environmental life cycle assessment
Anode materials
Metal oxide nanoparticles
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2016 Collection
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