Stereotype distinctiveness: How counterstereotypic behavior shapes the self-concept

von Hippel, W, Hawkins, C and Schooler, JW (2001) Stereotype distinctiveness: How counterstereotypic behavior shapes the self-concept. Journal of Personality And Social Psychology, 81 2: 193-205. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.81.2.193


Author von Hippel, W
Hawkins, C
Schooler, JW
Title Stereotype distinctiveness: How counterstereotypic behavior shapes the self-concept
Journal name Journal of Personality And Social Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3514
Publication date 2001-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037//0022-3514.81.2.193
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 81
Issue 2
Start page 193
End page 205
Total pages 13
Place of publication Washington
Publisher Amer Psychological Assoc
Language eng
Abstract Three experiments examined the relationship between distinctiveness and self-schematicity. Experiment I revealed that people were more likely to be self-schematic in domains of strong performance when they felt distinct from family and peers in those domains. Experiments 2 and 3 extended this finding into the arena of stereotypes by demonstrating that people were more likely to be self-schematic in domains of strong performance when their performance was counterstereotypic rather than stereotypic. In particular, African Americans and women were more likely to be schematic for intelligence than Caucasians and men if they performed well academically, whereas Caucasians-especially men-were more likely than African Americans to be schematic for athletics if they performed well athletically. These results suggest that counterstereotypic behavior plays a uniquely powerful role in the development of the self-concept.
Keyword Psychology, Social
Automatic Activation
Impression-formation
Salience
Gender
Performance
Threat
Information
Popularity
Attention
Identity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2007, 22:31:20 EST