Towards a circular economy in Australian agri-food industry: an application of input-output oriented approaches for analyzing resource efficiency and competitiveness potential

Pagotto, Murilo and Halog, Anthony (2015) Towards a circular economy in Australian agri-food industry: an application of input-output oriented approaches for analyzing resource efficiency and competitiveness potential. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 20 5: 1176-1186. doi:10.1111/jiec.12373


Author Pagotto, Murilo
Halog, Anthony
Title Towards a circular economy in Australian agri-food industry: an application of input-output oriented approaches for analyzing resource efficiency and competitiveness potential
Journal name Journal of Industrial Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1530-9290
1088-1980
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jiec.12373
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 20
Issue 5
Start page 1176
End page 1186
Total pages 11
Place of publication Hoboken NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract The food industry in Australia (agriculture and manufacturing) plays a fundamental role in contributing to socioeconomic sectors nationally. However, alongside the benefits, the industry also produces environmental burdens associated with the production of food. Sectorally, agriculture is the largest consumer of water. Additionally, land degradation, greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption, and waste generation are considered the main environmental impacts caused by the industry. The research project aims to evaluate the eco-efficiency performance of various subsectors in the Australian agri-food systems through the use of input-output–oriented approaches of data envelopment analysis and material flow analysis. This helps in establishing environmental and economic indicators for the industry. The results have shown inefficiencies during the life cycle of food production in Australia. Following the principles of industrial ecology, the study recommends the implementation of sustainable processes to increase efficiency, diminish undesirable outputs, and decrease the use of nonrenewable inputs within the production cycle. Broadly, the research outcomes are useful to inform decision makers about the advantages of moving from a traditional linear system to a circular production system, where a sustainable and efficient circular economy could be created in the Australian food industry.
Keyword Circular economy
Data envelopment analysis (DEA)
Food industry
Input-output analysis (IOA)
Material flow analysis (MFA)
Resource efficiency
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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