PTSD Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People in Custody in Australia: Prevalence and Correlates

Heffernan, Edward, Andersen, Kimina, Davidson, Fiona and Kinner, Stuart A. (2015) PTSD Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People in Custody in Australia: Prevalence and Correlates. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28 6: 523-530. doi:10.1002/jts.22051


Author Heffernan, Edward
Andersen, Kimina
Davidson, Fiona
Kinner, Stuart A.
Title PTSD Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People in Custody in Australia: Prevalence and Correlates
Journal name Journal of Traumatic Stress   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1573-6598
0894-9867
Publication date 2015-12-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/jts.22051
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 28
Issue 6
Start page 523
End page 530
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Mental disorder and trauma experiences are highly prevalent among individuals in custody; however, the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on functioning is rarely considered. Indigenous Australians are incarcerated at 13 times the rate of nonindigenous Australians and report high levels of trauma exposure and psychological distress. In analysis of the largest systematic study of mental disorder among indigenous Australians in custody (N = 396), we found that the 12-month prevalence of PTSD was high in both men (12.1%) and women (32.3%). Having PTSD was also associated with high rates of co-occurring mental disorders (anxiety 31.2%, depression 32.8%, psychosis 24.6%, and substance use, 75.4%), lifetime suicidal ideation (50.1%), and suicide attempts (34.4%). Individuals with PTSD, compared to those without, were more likely to experience other mental disorders, OR = 2.42, 95% CI [1.12, 5.80], p = .022; lifetime suicide thoughts, OR = 2.43, 95% CI [1.34, 4.39], p = .001, and attempts, OR = 2.56, 95% CI [1.33, 4.83], p = .002; and high rates of intoxication at the time of arrest. Despite this, most (58.9%) had not accessed any form of mental health care prior to incarceration. These findings highlight the need to identify and manage PTSD in community and custodial populations.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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