Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems

Jackson, Jeremy B. C., Kirby, Michael X., Berger, Wolfgang H., Bjorndal, Karen A., Botsford, Louis W., Bourque, Bruce J., Bradbury, Roger H., Cooke, Richard, Erlandson, Jon, Estes, James A., Hughes, Terence P., Kidwell, Susan, Lange, Carina B., Lenihan, Hunter S., Pandolfi, John M., Peterson, Charles H., Steneck, Robert S., Tegner, Mia J. and Warner, Robert R. (2001) Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science, 293 5530: 629-637. doi:10.1126/science.1059199

Author Jackson, Jeremy B. C.
Kirby, Michael X.
Berger, Wolfgang H.
Bjorndal, Karen A.
Botsford, Louis W.
Bourque, Bruce J.
Bradbury, Roger H.
Cooke, Richard
Erlandson, Jon
Estes, James A.
Hughes, Terence P.
Kidwell, Susan
Lange, Carina B.
Lenihan, Hunter S.
Pandolfi, John M.
Peterson, Charles H.
Steneck, Robert S.
Tegner, Mia J.
Warner, Robert R.
Title Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems
Journal name Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0036-8075
Publication date 2001-07-27
Year available 2001
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1126/science.1059199
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 293
Issue 5530
Start page 629
End page 637
Total pages 9
Place of publication Washington, DC, USA
Publisher The American Association for the Advancement of Science
Language eng
Subject 1109 Neurosciences
Abstract Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change. Historical abundances of large consumer species were fantastically large in comparison with recent observations. Paleoecological, archaeological, and historical data show that time lags of decades to centuries occurred between the onset of overfishing and consequent changes in ecological communities, because unfished species of similar trophic level assumed the ecological roles of overfished species until they too were overfished or died of epidemic diseases related to overcrowding. Retrospective data not only help to clarify underlying causes and rates of ecological change, but they also demonstrate achievable goals for restoration and management of coastal ecosystems that could not even be contemplated based on the limited perspective of recent observations alone.
Keyword Ecology
Kelp Forest Communities
Chesapeake Bay
Sea Otters
Southern California
Marine Ecosystem
Reef Community
Oyster Reefs
Moreton Bay
Baltic Sea
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3232 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 3444 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2007, 22:27:46 EST