The history and fate of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer springs in the oasis depressions of the Western Desert, Egypt

Powell, Owen and Fensham, Rod (2015) The history and fate of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer springs in the oasis depressions of the Western Desert, Egypt. Hydrogeology Journal, 24 2: 395-406. doi:10.1007/s10040-015-1335-1


Author Powell, Owen
Fensham, Rod
Title The history and fate of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer springs in the oasis depressions of the Western Desert, Egypt
Journal name Hydrogeology Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1435-0157
1431-2174
Publication date 2015-11-17
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10040-015-1335-1
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 24
Issue 2
Start page 395
End page 406
Total pages 12
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer Verlag
Language eng
Abstract Extraction of groundwater for agriculture has resulted in the loss of springs across arid regions of the globe. The history and fate are recorded of the artesian springs of Egypt’s Western Desert, from ancient times to the present, spanning the rise and fall of the great civilisations from the Pharoanic dynasties to Persian, Greek and Roman conquests. The study area includes oases Kharga, Dakhla, Bahriya, Farafra and Siwa, and several outer and small oases around Siwa and the edge of the Qattara Depression. The region is hyper-arid, receiving 10 mm or less average annual precipitation and evaporation rates are in the vicinity of 3,000 mm/a. Groundwater in the oases is largely derived from bores discharging from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer. Based on an extensive survey, conducted for the first time, attention is drawn to the rapid demise of springs as a result of modern irrigation schemes which continue to deplete groundwater supplies.
Keyword Arid regions
Egypt
Groundwater development
History of hydrogeology
Oasis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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