The association between medical students' lifestyles and their attitudes towards preventive counseling in different countries

Yu, Yan, Yang, Yuxuan, Li, Zhifang, Zhou, Bo, Zhao, Yi, Yuan, Shen, Zhang, Ruijuan, Sebranek, Matthew, Veerman, Lennert, Li, Mu, Gong, Enying, Chen, Shu, Ma, Wenjie, Huang, Liping, Cho, KaWing, Leeder, Stephen and Yan, Lijing (2015) The association between medical students' lifestyles and their attitudes towards preventive counseling in different countries. BMC Public Health, 15 1: 1124.1-1124.8. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2458-y


Author Yu, Yan
Yang, Yuxuan
Li, Zhifang
Zhou, Bo
Zhao, Yi
Yuan, Shen
Zhang, Ruijuan
Sebranek, Matthew
Veerman, Lennert
Li, Mu
Gong, Enying
Chen, Shu
Ma, Wenjie
Huang, Liping
Cho, KaWing
Leeder, Stephen
Yan, Lijing
Title The association between medical students' lifestyles and their attitudes towards preventive counseling in different countries
Journal name BMC Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2458
Publication date 2015-11-14
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-2458-y
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 15
Issue 1
Start page 1124.1
End page 1124.8
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Preventive counselling is an effective approach to reducing the prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Studies have shown that there is a positive association between healthy behaviors of Colombian medical students and favorable attitudes towards preventive counselling. However, there is limited research that explores this relationship in different countries. The current study aimed to determine how the health behaviors of medical students from China, U.S., and Australia, are associated with attitudes towards preventive counseling.

Methods
Students from five Chinese medical schools, Duke University in the U.S., and the University of Queensland in Australia, completed a 32-item, self-reported online survey. The survey was used to examine the prevalence of healthy behaviors and their association with attitudes towards preventive counseling. The target sample size was 150 students from each grade, or 450 students in total from different medical universities. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association between health behaviors and attitudes towards preventive counseling, stratified by grade and adjusted by gender.

Results
A positive association was found between healthy behaviors and attitudes towards preventive counseling for all medical students. There are significant differences among medical students’ self-reported health behaviors and their attitudes towards preventive counselling from three different countries (P < 0.05). Chinese medical students were more positive in stress control (OR > 1) and more passive in limiting their smoking and alcohol behaviors compared to medical students in Duke University. However, compared to medical students in University of Queensland, five Chinese medical students were more passive in stress control (OR < 1).

Conclusion
Based on the finding that healthy behaviors are positively related to favorable attitudes towards preventative counselling, medical students should adopt targeted courses and training in preventive counseling and develop healthy lifestyles.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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